If you’re thinking of using drug testing supplies, you might have come across the term CLIA waived tests. Now you’re wondering what it means. Who can perform such tests? Do they need certifications or licenses for it?
CLIA Waived Tests: Things You Must Know
What does CLIA stand for?
CLIA is the acronym of Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988.
The organization regulates all US laboratory testing facilities that use human specimens for these purposes:
Diagnosis, prevention, or treatment of diseases
A CLIA waived test has passed the criteria set by the organization, such as:
Employ methodologies that are so simple and accurate as to render the likelihood of erroneous results negligible.
Use unprocessed specimens (whole blood or oral fluid)
If someone incorrectly performs the test, it should not pose a reasonable risk of harm to the patient.
Are cleared by the FDA for home use.
What does it mean if a test is CLIA waived?
If a test is waived by CLIA and cleared by the FDA, it is safe even for home use. However, users must carefully follow the manufacturer’s instructions for its intended use.
Why do these tests always come with a 99% accuracy?
Are you wondering why waived tests are not 100% accurate? What’s the reason behind this?
It’s because CLIA still acknowledges that although tests must be simple and have a low risk for erroneous results, they are not entirely error-proof.
Errors can happen anytime during the testing process.
For example, a person who uses the test on himself but does not follow the manufacturer’s instructions to a T might get erroneous results.
Another example – new personnel who are not yet familiar with the testing process might compromise the test.
Who can perform these tests?
CLIA_waived tests are considered safe for use at home, in the office, and anywhere. They do not require certifications or licenses. However, laboratories that perform tests with CLIA waived products need credentials. Laboratory owners need to update their certification periodically. They need to comply with CLIA requirements for waived testing.
Examples of CLIA Waived Tests
There are many types of CLIA waived tests. A urine pregnancy test, for example, is one such type. It’s a popular test that women use to check if they’re expecting.
Here’s a complete list of tests waived by CLIA if you want to find out more.
Why It Concerns You
Knowing everything you can on this topic enables you to perform testing the best way possible.
You’ll be able to choose the right products and learn how to use each, minimizing errors in the process.
Remember – in most workplaces with drug testing programs – a false positive or an erroneous result can rid a person of a job.
In the clinical setting, a wrong result can compromise a patient’s health and well-being. Just imagine if a doctor prescribes more naltrexone to a patient who doesn’t use opioids anymore but got a false positive for it?
At home, picture how a teenager feels if he’s grounded because he tested positive for marijuana. If you were that teen, how would you react?
Do you need more information on this topic? Visit the Ovus Medical Blog for more information.
One of our newsletter subscribers asked what a metabolites drug test is. Instead of responding to his email, we decided to write an article about it to benefit everyone.
What is a Metabolites Drug Test?
According to the National Cancer Institute, a metabolite is a substance made or used when the body breaks down food, drugs or chemicals, or its own tissue.
Here’s an example. When you eat a slice of cake (which has a lot of sugar), your body metabolizes the sugar into glucose.
And that glucose is what glucometers or blood sugar devices detect. In other words, glucose is the metabolite of sugar.
Similarly, drug testing devices detect drug metabolites. So if a person smoked weed recently, a metabolites drug test detects the tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in his urine, blood, or hair.
What Are the Different Metabolites in Drugs?
Various drugs have different metabolites. In some cases, they are inactive or maybe similar to or different from the original drug in therapeutic activity or toxicity.
Below is a list of the most common drugs of abuse, their metabolites, and the type of drug test or tests that can detect them.
Barbiturates are prescription drugs that help relieve pain, insomnia, and seizures.
There are several types of barbiturates, but most of them have 3-Hydroxy-amobarbital metabolites. These drugs are Amobarbital, Pentobarbital, and Secobarbital.
On the other hand, Phenobarbital’s metabolite is p-Hydroxy-phenobarbital.
You can use dip cards, drug test cups, or barbiturates test strip to screen for barbiturates.
Benzos are drugs prescribed for the treatment of anxiety, panic disorders, insomnia, and PMS.
The metabolites of Alprazolam and Triazolam are 4-Hydroxy-alprazolam and α-hydroxy-alprazolam. On the other hand, 7-Aminoclonazepam is Clonazepam’s metabolite.
You can use a drug test cup, dip card, oral swab, or a BZO test strip to test the presence of benzo in the urine.
Cocaine is a potent stimulant. It comes from the infamous coca leaves. When taken, cocaine metabolizes into Benzoylecgonine, Ecgonine Methyl ester, and Nor-cocaine.
Drug test cups, dip cards, oral swabs, or a cocaine test strip are your best bets for screening this drug.
Opiates are Central Nervous System Depressants. Although they are prescribed for pain relief and other medical conditions, they have a high potential for abuse.
Opiate metabolites depend on the drug used. Heroin’s metabolites, for example, are 6-Monoacetylmorphine and morphine. On the other hand, the metabolites of Codeine are morphine and morphine-3-glucuronide.
You can use drug test cups, oral swabs, or dip cards for detecting this drug.
Methamphetamine is a powerful stimulant. When someone takes it, meth metabolizes to amphetamine. .However, both can be present in urine after methamphetamine use.
You can screen for MET with multi-panel drug test cups, dip cards, oral swab, or a MET test strip.
Morphine is a prescription medication for severe or post-operatic pain. However, because of the “high” it provides, some people tend to abuse it.
A metabolites drug test can detect the presence of Morphine-3-glucuronide, the byproduct of morphine.
Oxycodone is an opioid analgesic. Oxymorphone is its metabolite.
You can use a metabolites drug test like a urine drug test cup, dip card, or oral swab to detect Oxymorphone’s presence in urine.
Marijuana is famous for its medicinal properties. It is even considered legal in some states. However, it is also a popular recreational drug due to its mind-altering properties.
11-Nor-9-carboxy-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC-COOH) are the metabolites of weed. You can use different metabolites drug test to detect it in the urine.
These are some of the most common drugs of abuse, their metabolites, and the type of drug test or tests that can detect them.
Do you need more information on drug metabolites? Visit the Ovus Medical Blog. We have a lot of articles that can help you out.
According to the article, the notorious pain reliever OxyContin maker finally admitted to a considerable role in the addiction epidemic, which has claimed thousands of lives through oxycodone-related fatalities.
Purdue Pharma is currently dismantling. It will use its assets to create a government-controlled company.
2. Media companies are creating documentaries.
Netflix has several series about drugs. What particularly caught our attention was the Opioids episode on the documentary series, The Business of Drugs.
Here, journalist Amaryllis Fox explores how OxyContin and other drugs gave rise to the opioid crisis. Did you know that OxyContin was created to relieve the pain of terminally ill cancer patients?
However, Purdue Pharma led its med reps to believe they are helping people who have been suffering from chronic pain to live normal lives. This is, despite knowing that OxyContine is highly addictive.
Did you know a new Controlled Substance app offers insight into patients’ opioid history prescription history? It gets data from a patient’s Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (PDMP data). Additionally, the app tracks use in the hospital and show alerts at peak thresholds of administration.
Are you aware that there’s already a drug-free wearable device that uses a thread-like wire and wearable stimulator to alleviate pain?
Additionally, there’s a digital pill (still under study) that will help monitor patients’ opioid adherence data. This way, the chances of opioid overdose among chronic pain patients will be minimized, if not eliminated.
4. Government organizations are working overtime.
Whether it’s spreading awareness or encouraging users to turn a new leaf, the government exerts effort.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides state information to stop the opioid crisis. It recently published the Promising State Strategies.
This aims to equip and inform states on how to help prevent high-risk prescribing and improve opioid use disorder treatment.
Drugfree.org, on the other hand, published their “Action Plan in the Face of the Opioid Epidemic.” It gives tips on how we can help fight the crisis.
What We Can Do
No matter how much the authorities try to end the opioid epidemic, we need to take action.
How can we help?
Know the signs. Loss of Control. Craving. Use despite negative Consequences. These three factors will help you recognize if a friend or loved one is abusing opioids.
Be in the know. Get as much information on the opioid crisis. How did it start? How many have been affected? What steps should you do to help fight this menace?
Share resources. And once you get all the information you need, share it with a friend or loved one you suspect is abusing opioids. You just might save a life.
Offer support. Reach out to people you believe or are known to abuse opioids. Let them know that there are plenty of available resources and support groups that can help them change for the better.
Do drug testing. If you suspect a loved one is using opioids, nip it right in the bud. Do drug testing at home. If the test turns out positive, proceed to tip number 6 below.
Convince an opioid user to get treatment. It won’t be easy. You might encounter defiance or hatred from the person involved. But do what you have to do.
We all can take part in helping fight the opioid crisis. It’ll be a rough road, but we can get there if we take action now.
Do you want to learn more about drug addiction? Visit Ovus Medical Blog. We have plenty of resources you will find beneficial.
If it’s your first time to do a urine drug screen, you’d naturally want to know how to read a drug test cup. No, it doesn’t take rocket science to interpret the results of a urine drug test. It’s fairly easy to do. You can actually do it yourself.
Urine drug test cups come in single and multi-panel. A single cup detects a specific drug. A multi-panel, on the other hand, checks for several drugs at the same time.
We’ll use Ovus Medical’s 12 Panel Drug Test Cup with Adulterants as an example for this blog post.
Things to consider before reading drug test results
Put the drug test cup out of the storage area. Bring it to room temperature.
Next, inspect the drug test cup. It should be leak-proof and tamper-proof.
Third, ensure the donor doesn’t have unnecessary items in his clothing. There have been urine-tampering cases because the donors could substitute the sample with someone else’s.
Finally, make sure you’ve collected enough urine. It should be 30 ml to 90 ml. Anything below this amount might yield invalid results.
How to read a drug test cup
Here are the next steps once the donor returns the cup to you.
First of all, start your timer. This test is a rapid immunoassay. So, you should read the results after five minutes. Conversely, do not interpret the result after 10 minutes because it will not be valid anymore.
Then, check the green color on the temperature strip. It should be somewhere between the ranges of 90-100 degrees Fahrenheit. If the temperature is out of that range, there’s a possibility of tampering. Proceed to the next step if the sample passes the temperature check.
Next, peel off the label. You will see the results window.
Check the adulteration strips for the following:
Specific gravity. An unadulterated urine sample should have a specific gravity within the range of 1.003 to 1.040.
pH. On the other hand, the accepted range of testing is a pH between 4.5 and 8.0. Anything above or below this range suggests adulteration.
Creatinine. A creatinine concentration of <20 mg/dL means the urine specimen is dilute. On the other hand, a <2.9 mg/dL indicates an abnormally dilute urine. If you’re satisfied with the adulterants’ results, you can now proceed to the next step.
Next, check the results area. There are 11 more strips in a 12 Panel Drug Test Cup with Adulterants. These strips are showing the types of drugs tested by this cup.
Are you about to include oral fluid testing in your organization’s drug testing methods? Is drug testing one of your requirements for pre-employment? If so, this blog post is for you. Here, you’ll learn about some saliva drug test facts you might not be aware of yet.
Saliva Drug Test Facts: The Benefits
Saliva drug tests are highly precise, with up to 99% accuracy. They’re leak-proof too, which eliminates the chances of getting someone else’s saliva on your hands. Plus, donors won’t be able to tamper with them. Because you’ll be testing him in front of you, he won’t have a chance to substitute or dilute it.
An oral swab test is light and handy. It can fit in your pocket without creating a bulge. So, police officers who need to test people suspected of DUI won’t have difficulty carrying it around.
They’re non-invasive. There’s no need to draw blood from the donor. All he has to do is wipe the sponge end of the swab in his mouth, hold it there for a few minutes, and voila! The test is over.
No restrooms are needed. So people who need to administer an oral fluid test can do it anywhere. And they’re fast too. You can get test results in as little as five minutes!
Easy on the pocket. These saliva drug tests are affordable, especially when you buy them in bulk.
Mouth Swab Drug Test: Time frame of some of the most common drugs of abuse
So, how long do certain drugs stay in your system? Below is a list, according to Addiction Center.
Alcohol – up to 3 days
Barbiturates – up to 3 days
Benzodiazepines – from 8 hours to 10 days, depending upon the drug used (Valium, Librium, etc.)
Let’s take GHB (Gamma hydroxybutyrate), for example. Some club-goers also take this prescription drug for the treatment of narcolepsy as a substitute for alcoholic beverages. It’s because, in low doses, GHB lowers inhibitions and gives a feeling of euphoria.
However, GHB doesn’t stay in your system that long, especially if you take it with alcoholic drinks.
Saliva tests can best detect GHB within 10 – 30 minutes. A GHB test strip, on the other hand, can screen it within 12 hours.
So, which type of test should you use in this case? A urinalysis or a mouth swab drug test? Take your pick.
Another example is testing for alcohol. In saliva, you can detect it within three days. On the other hand, if you use a urine test, alcohol is only detectable within 48 hours. Which test will you choose?
COVID-19 has significantly affected the economy. Rehabs, doctors, testing facilities, schools, and even government institutions that have drug testing programs try to minimize their expenses to maximize their funds. And one of the cost-saving strategies they use is buying drug tests in bulk.
The question is – can buying drug tests in bulk help your organization save money, or is it all hype?
Buy drug tests in bulk: The advantages
Wholesalers can offer the lowest prices when you buy in bulk. The more supplies they purchase from the manufacturers, the more discounts and better deals they get. As a consequence, they pass this advantage to you. You get your products at prices that can’t be matched by retailers.
Freebies and great deals
Who can resist freebies? We gobble them up – from keychains to stickers to coasters! Especially since you can pass them down to our customers.
Not to mention that working with dedicated suppliers can give you better deals. Have you got limited funds at the moment? You can make payment arrangements with your supplier.
Because suppliers want to maintain their good reputation to their customers, they get their testing supplies from reputable manufacturers with proven track records.
The prospect of benefiting from buying drug tests in bulk can be exciting. You’ll be able to save cash while enjoying freebies, convenience, and top quality products.
But, as the saying goes, “Nothing is perfect. Everything has pros and cons. And yes, even buying drug test cups in bulk has some disadvantages too.
Limited storage space
Do you have enough space for all the drug test kits you bought? There’s no problem if you do. All you have to do is organize your area for everyone’s convenience.
However, if you still have to build a storage area for everything you bought, that might create a dent in your pocket.
When you buy drug and alcohol testing supplies in bulk, your supplier expects you to pay upfront. Do you have sufficient funds to keep your business afloat?
Yes, buying these supplies at incredibly low prices can save you money. However, keep in mind that you won’t get your expected ROI immediately. It will take time before you use up all those drug testing supplies.
Can you deal with this without breaking your bank?
Let’s say an online store offers a 50% discount sale on their medical supplies. Since you bought a large quantity of drug testing cups and strips, dip cards, and COVID-19 rapid tests from another vendor, you don’t have enough funds and storage space for more items.
Are you ready to pass up opportunities like this?
Like anything else, buying drug tests in bulk has pros and cons. So do your due diligence. Conduct careful research before investing your hard-earned money in drug testing supplies.
Want to buy best-priced drug testing supplies? Email us at JS@OvusMedical.com. We’ll be more than glad to serve you.
If it’s your first time taking an oral fluid drug test, you must be curious as to what color does a mouth swab turn if you fail a saliva drug test.
If this is the information you’re looking for, then, you’re in luck. You’ll get the answer below.
But first, we’d like to provide you with information on what to expect during a saliva drug test. We’ll also give you a few tips on what to do before the test.
Do’s and Don’ts Before a Saliva Drug Test
Drink a sufficient amount of fluid. Doing so will ensure that you will produce enough saliva for the test.
Don’t chew tobacco or gum or drink any liquid 10 minutes before the test.
What happens during a saliva drug test
The technician prepares the saliva drug testing kit. He takes it out of the storage area to bring it to room temperature. Then, with a gloved hand, he opens the sealed pouch and hands you the device.
Using the collection swab, sweep the inside of your mouth, gum, cheeks, and tongue a few times. Keep holding the swab in the mouth until a red or blue color appears in the saturation strip.
Do not suck, bite, or chew on the sponge. Do not remove the oral swab until instructed by the technician.
If, after 7 minutes, the indicator window doesn’t change color, the technician will still proceed with the test.
The technician will remove the swab from your mouth. He will insert it, sponge first, into the screening device, pushing until the lock-in flange locks in place into the bottom of the device.
Once the collection device locks in place, the device is air-tight, tamper-proof, ready for disposal, or sent to a laboratory to confirm a presumptive positive result.
The technician will set the device upright on a flat surface.
He will wait for the color bands to appear in the test area. He will allow the test to proceed undisturbed until a reddish-purple control C-Line appears, and the test background clears. The control line is the top line in the test channel.
The test is ready for interpretation once the control line becomes visible. This usually occurs in 2-8 minutes.
The technician will read presumptive positive results in 10 minutes. He will not interpret results after 20 minutes has passed.
How a technician reads results
What color does a negative mouth swab turn?
A negative result for any single drug is the presence of a reddish-purple line in both the test and control areas? It means that the drug concentrations are below the detectable level. The lines’ size and color intensity don’t matter as long as there are lines in the two areas, which indicates a negative result.
What color does a mouth swab turn if you fail?
A positive result for any single drug is the presence of a reddish-purple line in the control region, but none in the test region after 10 minutes means that the drug concentration exceeds the detectable level.
If the test is invalid, no line appears in the control area or no color appears at all.
What color does a saliva drug test turn if you fail? Remember, a saliva drug test will change color once it has collected a sufficient oral fluid amount. Then the color bands will appear, ready for reading the result.
Want to learn more about drug testing? Visit the Ovus Medical Blog which contains a load of information on this topic.
Saliva drug testing kits are becoming more popular in establishments that implement drug testing policies and programs. Why are these kits gaining popularity? What benefits do they provide? Read on and find out.
10 Panel Saliva Drug Testing Kits: Top 5 Benefits
Think of saliva drug testing kits as a one-stop-shop for all your drug testing needs. It can detect ten substances of abuse, namely:
So there’s no need for additional strips or swabs. That’s convenient in a tube!
Ease of use
Using a 10 panel drug test kit is easy. Just open the tube, insert the sponge end of the collection stick into the donor’s mouth, then leave for 3-5 minutes.
When the sponge is soaked with saliva, put it back into the test tube. Then wait for ten minutes. Read the results.
Easy does it!
How does a 10 panel saliva drug testing kit ensure accuracy? It’s because it’s very difficult to cheat. A donor cannot dilute the sample because you’ll be there in the same room with him.
Additionally, these kits are 99% accurate, CLIA-waived, and FDA-approved. So, you can be sure of their preciseness.
Maximizes available space
Got a small office or clinic? No problem! With a saliva drug testing kit, you won’t need to set up private restrooms. And, if you need to perform drug testing on several donors in one room simultaneously, you can do it.
Unlike other drug testing methods that require expensive tools and equipment, these kits only cost a few dollars. Here at Ovus Medical, you can get them at $7.99 each. The more you buy, the cheaper they get!
Buy 100 swabs, and you’ll get them at $3.99 each. Purchase 1,500 swabs, and the price goes down at $3.39 each. That’s more than 50% off!
Who Uses Oral Fluid Drug Testing Devices?
We all know that police officers typically carry breathalyzers to test people suspected of drunk driving. But due to recent cases of driving under the influence of illegal substances, the police also test people for illegal substances.
And what better way to test offenders on the road than by using a saliva drug testing kit? The officer can put the kit in his bag and doesn’t have to accompany the driver to a restroom for testing. He needs to place the collection stick into his mouth. Voila! Results in just a matter of minutes!
More and more employers prefer to drug test job applicants and employees to ensure health, safety, and workplace productivity.
But due to limited space and lack of knowledgeable technicians, they most often send applicants and employees to drug testing facilities. This, of course, can be quite expensive.
That’s why an increasing number of employers prefer oral fluid drug testing. There’s no need for supervised urine collection so they can perform drug testing right in the office.
Parents and guardians who want to make sure their children are drug-free may use non-invasive drug tests. To make their wards feel comfortable, they prefer oral swabs.
Rehabs, hospitals, clinics, and treatment facilities
These establishments naturally want their patients to recover from their addiction faster. That’s why they perform regular and random drug testing.
Some of them have already shifted to using oral swab drug tests to facilitate the process.
Accuracy, ease of use, convenience, and economy are just some of the benefits that saliva drug testing kits can provide.
If your organization needs to buy these drug testing kits in bulk, visit the Ovus Medical Shop. We have amazing deals for you!
At one point in time, women need to take a urine drug test. It may be for a job application, migration, legal purposes, or part of an athletic organizations’ requirement. So they wonder how to pee in a cup properly.
If you are one of the women wondering how to pee in a cup, this blog post is for you. We’ve outlined a few tips on how to urinate in a cup in the most hassle-free, mess-free way as possible.
What to do before a drug test
Drink enough water
Always hydrate yourself not only before a drug test. Make it a habit to drink at least 2.7 liters of water a day. This will help you produce enough amount of urine anytime.
As much as possible, don’t drink any diuretic like coffee or tea before the test. It’s because diuretics can make you pee more frequently. And you don’t want that to happen. It’s during the test that you need to pee. This way, you get a sufficient amount of urine in your drug testing cup. NCBI says you need at least 30 ml for the sample.
Physical activities like running, dancing, and brisk walking can make you sweat a lot. That’s where all your consumed liquids might go, leaving you with little for the drug test cup, as in the case of Jen Needham.
So before taking the test, don’t exercise. Save your breath and body fluids for later.
Women with shy bladders (paruresis) have difficulty urinating in public restrooms. That’s why they try to pee as much as they can before leaving home. The problem is, they produce so little urine or none at all for a drug test.
If this is your case, try to relax. Do deep breathing exercises. Think of the beautiful places you’ve been to and the lovely people you’ve met. Keep your mind at ease.
Provide correct information
Before the drug test, the technician will give you a form. Fill this out thoroughly. It is also best to inform the technician if you are taking a prescribed medication for a health condition. Because chances are, your test might yield a positive result.
So it’s best to bring your prescription with you. It’ll prove that you’re taking the medication as prescribed by a doctor.
How to pee in a cup: A guide for women
For drug testing, you should collect the clean catch sample. Below is a step-by-step guide on how to pee in a cup.
Wash your hands with soap and water to prevent germs from coming into contact with the sample.
Open the drug testing cup.
Sit on the toilet. Spread your legs wide apart.
Open your labia with two fingers.
Clean the area with a wipe.
Still holding the labia, pee a small amount in the toilet. Then, hold back.
Hold the drug test cup a few inches below the urethra. It’s where pee comes out in women.
Continue urinating until the cup is more than half full.
You can finish urinating in the toilet bowl.
Put the cup on a flat surface.
Cover with the lid.
Hand the sample to the technician.
Ladies, this is how to pee in a cup for a drug test as hassle-free and mess-free as you can. Remember the things you have to do before and during a urine drug test so you’ll be able to pass it with flying colors.
If you or a loved one needs safe and reliable drug testing cups, check out the Ovus Medical shop. We have an array of drug testing screens you can use anytime, anywhere.
Clinics, rehabs, and hospitals use urine drug screening kits in monitoring their recommended treatment program for each of their patients. Athletic organizations, on the other hand, use these kits to identify drug use among their athletes.
Workplaces also use these kits in their workplace drug testing programs. Even homeowners use these tests to make sure their children aren’t using drugs.
However, skeptics believe that these urine drug screening kits are a total waste of time and money. They say that these tests are unworthy, inaccurate, and unreliable. Drug testing, for them, is an affront to an individual’s human rights.
But are they worthless? Read on and find out.
Urine Drug Screening Kits: Worthy or Not?
Sports events, from swimming to basketball to track and field, require a tough mind and body. Athletes go through thousands of hours of painstaking training to help improve their craft and build resistance. Because of these, some athletes resort to taking drugs. Illegal substances help boost their performance and cope with painful injuries.
Abused substances also help them deal with emotional and mental stress.
So this gives them an unfair advantage over their competitors. Because doped athletes have more developed muscles, energy, and stamina, some end up winning competitions.
This is why sports entities require all athletes to undergo random drug testing, typically with urine drug screening kits. They want to ensure fair competition for all.
The knowledge that they’ll be disgraced and ripped off their titles once the authorities find drugs in their system can deter athletes from using illegal substances.
In clinics and rehabs
Addiction has been described as a “medical disorder that affects the brain and changes behavior.”
Three drug abuse organizations define addiction as a long-term and recurring condition wherein a person compulsively seeks and uses drugs regardless of the consequences.
Clinics and rehabs understand that a relapse can happen to any of their wards. This is why they do random and periodic urine drug screening – to ensure that all their patients stay sober and sticking to their treatment programs. This way, they can reach their road recovery as safe and as effectively as possible.
Some entrepreneurs require their employees and job applicants to undergo drug testing either on-site or in laboratories. These companies have different testing methods, from urine to hair drug screening.
5% of the current users are 8th graders; 20% are in tenth 10th grade, while 24% are 12th graders.
This is probably the reason why some parents and guardians do drug testing at home. They want to make sure that they’re children aren’t using drugs. Because no matter how much they teach and take care of their young ones, peer pressure, popular media, and a host of other factors might lure them into using illegal substances.
Urine drug screening kits are not worthless. They help promote health and safety in the workplace. In sports, these kits ensure fair competition. Clinics and rehabs use them to make sure their patients achieve their road to recovery. Parents and guardians use urine testing cups to make sure their children are healthy and drug-free.
COVID or not, some people hesitate to be tested in drug testing facilities. What if the facility mishandles its sample, leading to an erroneous result?
That can cause them to lose their jobs. They can also be litigated, as in the case of driving under the influence. On the other hand, the government can also stop providing help to welfare recipients who get positive test results.
This is why some people are asking questions about analysis facilities. What are they asking?
These facilities do their best to practice safe procedures in their centers. However, the American Society of Addiction Medicine recommends pausing drug analysis in clinical practice. This is to prevent patients from being exposed to the virus.
appear or show symptoms of intoxication in the drug testing laboratory;
report themselves for drug overdose;
have a marked unstable opioid and/or other substance use disorders.
How is drug testing done in facilities?
Centers need to be extra careful with their procedures. It’s because a single mistake can threaten the patient’s safety and everyone present during testing.
Most testing centers initially perform a urine drug screen. It’s because urine tests are non-invasive and easy to perform. Not to mention that today’s urine tests can easily detect the drugs previously used by an individual.
Here’s how technicians perform urine drug testing: The patient fills out a form. He needs to write his name, age, phone number, address, health issues, and other essential details.
He then gives the filled-out form to the technician.
The technician tests the temperature of the sample. He also checks for signs of substitution or adulteration.
Then the technician analyzes the sample based on the results that show in the drug testing cup.
What can I do if I don’t have access to drug testing facilities in my area because of COVID?
Most drug testing facilities are open to serve anybody even during the pandemic. It is because they provide essential services to people who may need drug testing services.
If the facility near you is closed, you can visit the SAMSHA website for a complete, updated list of certified labs.
4.Can a drug testing facility, tell if the sample is substituted?
Yes, that’s why they test the sample’s temperature within four minutes after collection. If the sample falls below 90 to 100 degrees, it indicates substitution. More than a hundred degrees, on the other hand, means the individual used a heating pad to heat the sample.
5.Will drinking a lot of water help me pass a drug test?
Drinking a lot of water can dilute your sample. Take note, however, that drug testing labs have a way of finding out. One method is measuring the creatinine concentration in your urine.
If I don’t want to go to a facility, can I perform drug testing at home?
Yes, you can. In fact, with the current situation, authorities advise performing urine drug testing at home. Just make sure you use CLIA-waived and FDA-approved drug testing cups and supplies.
These are just some of the questions people ask about drug testing facilities. Their questions are typically about the safety of these companies.
If you or a loved one needs quality drug testing supplies fast, please visit the Ovus Medical Shop. We have an array of urine drug testing cups, dip cards, and strips you can choose from.
If you own or manage a rehab, workplace, or organization that regularly performs drug testing, then buying drug tests in bulk can provide you with more benefits.
First, most of these drug tests are regulated by the FDA and waived by CLIA so they are 99% reliable and accurate.
Second, they offer convenience. They’re easy to use anytime, anywhere and don’t require expensive tools or equipment. And due to their size and long shelf life, you can store them in a small area from six months to a year or more.
Third, they are cost-effective. Aside from paying low prices when buying drug test in bulk, you also get to save from not hiring additional technicians. You or one of your trained staff can do the job.
The question is – what options do you have? Which tests should you buy in bulk?
Read on to find out.
Drug Test in Bulk: 5 Types
1. Multi-panel drug test cups
Multi-panel drug test cups are one of the most popular types of drug tests you can buy in bulk. They can detect up to 14 types of drugs in as little as five minutes. The more panels a cup has, the more types of drugs it can detect.
A 6 panel drug test cup, for instance, tests for amphetamines, buprenorphine, benzodiazepines, cocaine, OPI300, and oxycodone.
A 14 panel drug test cup, on the other hand, detects amphetamines, barbiturates, buprenorphine, benzodiazepines, cocaine, methamphetamine, MDMA, methadone, OPI300, oxycodone, marijuana, EtG and fentanyl.
Additionally, these cups are economical, convenient, and easy to use. Although they are technologically designed for professional use, these cups can also be used at home. For instructions on how to use these cups, click here.
2. Urine drug test strips
Like urine drug test cups, these test strips are cheap, handy and easy to use. There’s a corresponding strip for every drug, from tramadol to alcohol to opiates.
The strip’s control region will show a line when it detects the presence of a drug. Meanwhile, lines in both the control and test regions means no drug is present in the urine. No lines, on the other hand, indicates an invalid result.
Another drug test in bulk you can buy is the urine dip card. Since you can store it for up to two years, buying these cards wholesale provides you with the advantage of having cheap, reliable drug tests at super low prices.
Using urine dip cards is relatively easy. After gathering the specimen, simply put the drip card, making sure that the urine doesn’t reach the max line.
The best advantage of urine dip cards? They’re very accurate and reliable. They can detect up to 13 types of drugs.
Not to mention that they’re slim and compact, a bunch of them can fit your pockets without bulging.
4. Oral swabs
There are instances where urine drug testing isn’t the best method for detecting the presence of drugs in a person.
A workplace, for example, that has employees proven to have cheated urine drug tests before require a different method. In a case like this, an oral swab may be the better option.
Oral swabs can also be beneficial when there’s a limited number of technicians to perform the drug test. It’s because they don’t have to accompany people to restrooms. They can administer the test even in a small room or office.
Performing the swab test is easy. You just use the swab to collect saliva from a person’s mouth, secure the sample with the snap swab cap, then wait for 15 minutes or less for the result.
5. Hair follicle tests
You can also buy hair follicle drug test in bulk. It can detect the presence of drugs in a person’s hair sample up to three months. However, unlike the first four drug tests,this requires you to send the sample to an authorized laboratory where it will be analyzed.
Among the most popular drug tests you can buy in bulk are multi-panel drug test cups, urine drug test strips, urine dip cards, oral swabs and hair follicle tests.
Aside from being accurate and reliable, they are cost-effective and convenient too.
Visit the Ovus Medical Shop if you need to buy FDA-approved and CLIA-waived drug test in bulk.
Suboxone (Buprenorphine) is an FDA-approved drug for treating opioid addiction. It contains two substances – buprenorphine and naloxone. Buprenorphine, an agonist, binds to and activates certain receptors on cells. Naloxone, on the other hand, reverses the effects brought about by opioids.
Qualified technicians use a suboxone test strip during a urine drug test in the workplace, a drug treatment facility, or a clinic. In the workplace, the purpose of using a suboxone test strip is to identify which personnel is high with the substance. This is to ensure the health and safety of all employees.
In rehab or clinic, a technician uses this urine test strip to determine if he should take his opioid treatment.
There have been instances when a user shares his suboxone strip supply with others, leaving little to curb his drug cravings. So when his urges resurface, he resorts to using opioids.
On the other hand, overdosage is likely to happen if the user takes more than what is prescribed. This can lead to a dependency on suboxone.
Why do doctors prescribe this drug for treating another drug?
Opioids can destroy lives and kill. But people who want to quit using it find it difficult to do so. It is not only because the drug is highly addictive. Opioid withdrawal can even lead to death due to severe vomiting and diarrhea.
Other symptoms of opioid withdrawal, though less life-threatening, should still be addressed immediately. This is to ensure that the user’s health and well-being won’t be compromised.
Insomnia, for example, when not resolved immediately, can lower a person’s immune system due to sleep deprivation. Muscle pains, if left unresolved, can prevent a person from living a normal life. If left untreated, fever can lead to a variety of health complications that may ultimately lead to death.
Can suboxone kill? Technically speaking, if a person uses it as prescribed, no, it can’t kill him. But if a child or a non-user takes it accidentally, then their lives may be at risk.
This is why suboxone users should keep their opioid medication in a safe place, away from the hands of children.
Suboxone strip directions for drug testing
Here’s how to use a suboxone strip to ensure no tampering takes place.
Collect the urine sample. Please take note of its temperature. A good sample should be 90 to 100 degrees taken four minutes after production. If the sample is too cold, there’s a chance that the person involved tampered it with cold liquid. It could also mean he substituted it with another person’s urine. A hot sample, meanwhile, might mean the person used a hand warmer to mask the tampering.
Inspect the sample’s appearance. If it looks soapy, the person added soap or dishwashing liquid. A sample with undissolved granules in it, on the other hand, can mean table salt or powdered dental tablets was added. The color of natural urine ranges from pale yellow to dark amber. If the sample is too dark, there’s a possibility that the person added nitrites. If it’s too light, there’s a chance that vinegar, rubbing alcohol, or ascorbic acid was added.
Carefully dip the suboxone strip into the sample. Make sure that the urine does not go above the max line.
Allow the suboxone strip to absorb the urine for about 10-15 seconds.
After 15 seconds, remove the test strip from the sample. Lay it on a clean, flat surface.
A negative result shows two lines. One line is visible in the control region, the other in the test region.
A positive result only shows a line in the control region.
An invalid result shows no line at all.
Recent studies show the effectiveness of suboxone for treating opioid addiction. It may seem like your fighting a drug with another drug, but then, it’s the lesser of two evils.
If you or a loved one is using suboxone for the treatment of opioid addiction, performing a suboxone strip drug testing occasionally is ideal. The same goes for drug treatment facilities and clinics. This will make sure that the person involved is using his medication properly.
More than a decade ago, almost all states submitted their proposal on drug testing for food stamps.
But due to a 2003 Michigan Court of Appeals case, none of the proposals were approved. The case is known as Marchwinski v. Howard. It ruled that subjecting every welfare applicant in Michigan to a drug test without reason to believe that a person uses drugs was unconstitutional.
What do people think about this issue? What are their suggestions on drug testing for food stamps? Read on to find out.
Drug Testing for Food Stamps: Different Folks, Different Strokes
Some taxpayers feel that drug testing for food stamps should be mandatory. Since employees, athletes, drivers, construction workers, etc. need to undergo drug testing, why should people need government assistance to be exempt? They are, after all, paying for those food stamps through their taxes.
For example, in City-Data.com, a certain LordSquidworth said, “I believe that all recipients of public assistance should be subject to routine drug tests.” He added that if public servants, employees, and other working people get tested, then everyone on assistance should be tested.
Mason 3000 replied with, “I agree. But my question is if drug-using welfare recipients lose their income, food, heat & homes due to be kicked on govt assistance, then what?” He further suggested that instead of cutting off the recipients’ access to government assistance, the authorities should wean them off and help them find employment.
In a separate forum, a member said: “I think that if anyone needs help, they shouldn’t be upset to agree to a drug test. Most major companies require a drug test before they are hired and allowed to “work” for their salary. I’d be willing to wager that if a drug test becomes a requirement for any public assistance, the number of applicants will drop dramatically.”
Drug testing for food stamps: How much is the government spending?
Thirteen states implement drug testing for food stamps: Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, Kansas, Maine, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Utah, Wisconsin, and West Virginia.
Some of these states spent $200,000 for testing just a small number of 260,000 people. The results? Only 338 tested positive.
According to Joan Maya Mazelis, an opinion contributor on The Hill, this is not just a waste of taxpayer’s money. It is also a way of punishing the poor.
And here’s the question – is the government really just throwing away taxpayers’ money that yields minuscule results?
How about welfare applicants referred for drug testing but skipped it or did not submit their results? Could the results have been different if they did?
And the most pressing question – should drug testing for welfare recipients be legalized?
The pros and cons
One way or another, drug testing for food stamps has advantages and disadvantages.
Among the advantages are:
A healthier lifestyle
It may be a way to prevent drug-using welfare recipients from using their food stamps for buying illegal substances. They can then use their government assistance coupons for what they are really intended for – sustenance to keep themselves and their families healthy.
A new chance at life
To some, drug testing for food stamps is against human rights. But if we think of this as a tool to help a drug user mend his ways through rehab, wouldn’t that be tantamount to giving him a second, better chance at life?
Eliminate barriers to employment
We all know that plenty of employers nowadays drug test their employees to ensure health and safety in the workplace. A welfare recipient who tests positive and stays clean for a minimum of six months can go for a retest. If the test shows negative, then he has a huge chance of getting worthwhile employment.
The cons, on the other hand, include the following:
The strain on the government budget
The data above shows that most states are spending a huge amount of money on something that gives minimal results. With a flailing economy brought about by COVID 19, expenses like this should be reconsidered.
It puts the poor in a bad light.
Drug testing for food stamps creates a stigma around welfare recipients. This program might prevent them from accessing their rations. The sad part? It is the children who usually suffer in cases like this.
Different people and entities still have opposing views on this topic. Some agree. They claim that the government should test welfare recipients. Others say it is an insult to the poor and needy.
Many parents are unaware that alcohol is a major factor in a nationwide problem.
Alcohol is, in fact, the most abused drug among America’s youth.
Alcohol Abuse: What Your Kids Need to Know
Yes, Alcohol is indeed a drug. The physiological effects on its users are documented. They can be just as habit-forming as any other drug.
There are many ills related to alcohol, especially in young people. Poor academic performance. Social problems, like fighting and criminal activities. Not to mention accidents and even death from alcohol poisoning. Then often, alcohol leads to other drugs.
The government discourages alcohol abuse among the youth by not selling to alcohol unless you are of age. Habitual alcohol abuse is usually the result of early alcohol exposure, often with schoolmates.
Then, as they go off to college, they find themselves free from constant parental supervision. They also find themselves more susceptible to peer pressure and other negative influences.
Parents know it simply isn’t realistic to expect their kids never to try alcohol with their friends. A more rational approach is for parents to give their children a direction early in life. One that does not include alcohol as a solution.
Sitting down with your kids to discuss alcohol abuse issues is important.
Guide them, but not by telling them a bunch of dos and don’ts. Present yourself as a living example of proper and desirable behavior.
Alcoholic beverages are hugely accessible. They’re readily available in bars, restaurants, supermarkets, convenience stores, and even at home. It’s best you sit down with your kids. Openly discuss alcohol abuse rather than treat it as a never-to-be-mentioned taboo.
Alcohol consumption is better learned and understood through straightforward and shameless instruction. It’s better you explain it than by secretly learning about it from friends.
Young people who had their first drink with their parents’ permission are more likely to regard alcohol less enthusiasm. And not be attracted to it’s unknown and intriguing side.
Boys who enjoy a few beers with their dads while watching their favorite TV teams learn to manage their drinking early on responsibly. Children are better able to define their limits. They don’t give in to peer pressure when they get to college. Perhaps, they don’t find it necessary to show they can drink more than their fraternity or dorm buddies. We find this way, and they do not feel a need to prove their manhood by drinking.
Allowing your teenage children to have wine or a beer with you gives them a mature and matter-of-fact outlook towards alcohol consumption. It also takes away any illogical association of drinking as naughty fun to get into with their peers.
Staying on top of things
We believe parents who are genuinely concerned with preventing alcohol abuse should consider monitoring the children’s drinking. Guesswork in this area is no longer necessary, with quick and accurate tests available at most pharmaceutical outlets and online.
Drug abuse is a problem of great concern to the American people. Mostly because of its negative impact on society, productivity, public safety, and even law and order. The law-enforcement community is knowledgeable about the most common drugs of abuse. However, it is valuable for all Americans to be aware of what these are. It is necessary so they can contribute to efforts to address the problem.
Below are the top ten most common drugs of abuse in the United States.
Ovus Medical – Drug Abuse In America
10 of the Most Common Drugs of Abuse
These are often referred to as “speed” or even “uppers” because they are stimulant drugs that accelerate body and brain functions. This drug category includes many products legally manufactured and distributed by the pharma industry. They are used to treat conditions like attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy or uncontrollable sleepiness, and even Parkinson’s disease. Amphetamines are sometimes abused by patients who have been prescribed the medication. However, they are often abused by people acquiring drugs illicitly or by people who buy illegally manufactured drugs on the street.
Barbiturates do the opposite of amphetamines as they depress or slow down body and brain activity. These pharmaceutical products are legally prescribed or used to treat headaches, seizures, and insomnia. They are considered common drugs of abuse because they’re popular for their sedative and even hypnotic effects. They purportedly help users “get away from it all” in the same way alcoholic drinks do. Often referred to as “downers,” these drugs are particularly dangerous because even a mild overdose could result in coma or even death.
Benzodiazepines are also legitimate pharmaceutical products that are prescribed by physicians for specific indications. They are used to treat issues like sleep disorder, muscle spasms, seizures, and anxiety. They are also used as sedatives in surgical procedures. Among the benzodiazepines of great concern due to its extremely widespread use and abuse is diazepam, commonly known as valium, being the little pill referred to as “Mother’s little helper” Rolling Stones’ hit song.
Cocaine is a naturally-occurring substance derived from the leaves of the indigenous South American coca shrub. Andean cultures are believed to have cultivated the drug as early as 1000 BC for ritual use and the drug’s energizing effect. It stimulates the nervous system and is also a local anesthetic. Drug enforcement operatives wage a relentless war against the production and traffic of cocaine originating from South America.
Marijuana is also a naturally-occurring plant. With selective breeding, many modern cultivars for both medical and recreational use have been developed. The drug and various derivatives of it have become legalized in various circumstances in some states. Even so, marijuana’s identified as one of the common drugs of abuse and is still on the Drug Enforcement Agency’s watchlist as its cultivation and use is widespread.
Methadone is a synthetic drug used against pain and in the treatment of opiate drug abuse, particularly for strong opium derivatives like morphine and heroin. It has valuable medical uses in the detoxification and withdrawal of addictive drugs. However, it is also widely abused because it is possible to develop an addiction to the drug itself.
Methamphetamine is a synthetic drug with some medical use, but is largely a recreational drug, especially in Asia and the United States. It is a highly addictive substance that produces a similar effect to amphetamines, although much stronger. Methamphetamine effects can vary and be very dangerous.
Methylenedioxymethamphetamine, known on the street as “ecstasy,” is a synthetic drug originally used to treat obesity. It’s been abused as a recreational or rave party drug as it alters perception, heightens sensations, and elicits pleasure. Abuse of this designer substance can be fatal, especially when street versions of the drug are adulterated with other drugs.
Opiates are pain-relief drugs traditionally derived from opium, an extract of the poppy plant. The term has slightly evolved and now refers to any drug that binds to opioid receptors. As they are generally valuable medications, their manufacture, distribution, and use are closely monitored by the government to prevent abuse.
Tricyclic Anti-depressants are drugs intended for treating disorders such as clinical depression and even Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder. Overdoing the usage of these drugs is potentially fatal. With the development of newer generation anti-depressants, the misuse and abuse of these drugs are becoming less of a problem.
As making actual “drug busts” is not always a practicable approach to addressing the problem of drug abuse in America, it is valuable to equip institutions with the means of detecting the presence of these common drugs of abuse. People often need to be evaluated for employment, school admission, military deployment, or any other circumstance in which substance abuse is a serious issue.
Current technology makes it possible to detect the most common drugs of abuse through a quick and easy urine test. Check out the Ovus Medical blog to know more about the handy and accurate Single Cup tests to detect all ten of these drugs in one urine sample.
19-year-old Tracy told herself that. She had learned about the effects of drug and alcohol abuse in school. But now her friend and neighbor Sam offered her ecstasy. They had been drinking some tea in her home. The pandemic was really getting on her nerves. She was always very sociable but now felt trapped and alone. Maybe the fancy pink pill can help. She’s healthy, anyway. Surely one pill won’t hurt.
Can just one pill hurt?
The sudden rush of energy, the great feeling she had after taking the pill wowed her. It gave her a unique feeling. She was able to finish a long-overdue project. She even cleaned the house from top to bottom and danced to wild music until she dropped.
Even though she felt tired, drained, and super thirsty the next day, she loved the feeling. It was, after all, something new!
That was three months ago, just a couple of weeks after the first lockdown in their area. The quarantine scared Tracy, who was used to going out all the time. She had always liked to keep busy. She would work eight hours as a secretary. Then after that, she would rush to her next job – a waitress in a small cafe. At night, she and her co-workers would hang out in their favorite diner. They would end up talking until past midnight.
Last week, Tracy was rushed to the hospital due to lung failure. She never made it.
What went wrong? Tracy just took one pill, right?
After two days, Tracy wanted the feel-good experience again. After two weeks, Tracy was taking ecstasy every day. When she couldn’t sleep, she’d take a downer. She also tried alcohol and other drugs – weed, ketamine, and amphetamines. Basically, anything that could take away her boredom and fear of loneliness.
Tracy’s case is very common. There are plenty of young and healthy people who die because of drugs. Why? It’s because drug and alcohol abuse affects the different parts of the body because of one way or another.
How Drug and Alcohol Abuse Affect the Different Body Systems
Nervous System: Drugs and alcohol interfere with the different parts of the nervous system. They can affect judgment, cause memory loss, among others. It’s because these drugs destroy brain tissues, damage brain cells, and weaken the signal between receptors.
Cardiovascular System: The heart and the veins and arteries are eventually affected by frequent drug and alcohol abuse. It can lead to incurable and even fatal diseases like arrhythmia, endocarditis, high blood pressure, heart attack, cardiomyopathy, heart failure, peripheral heart disease, and stroke.
Digestive System: Many drugs affect the digestive system. Frequent use of marijuana, for example, can lead to a rare condition called Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome. Cocaine abuse, on the other hand, can cause abdominal pain and bowel tissue decay. Opioids can cause abdominal pain, acid reflux, and severe constipation. Other drugs that affect the digestive system are kratom, amphetamines, and MDMA.
Endocrine and exocrine systems: The endocrine.and exocrine systems are interrelated. As such, both are affected when a person abuses drugs or alcohol. Benzodiazepines, for instance, damages the pituitary gland, affecting his metabolism, growth, and the fight-or-flight response. Cocaine damages the nose and throat and affects fertility.
Muscular: Frequent, uncontrolled use of drugs or alcohol can cause severe muscle cramping, muscle relaxation, and overall muscle weakness.
Renal System: The kidneys can suffer from constant, uncontrolled drug or alcohol use. These substances can cause various kidney diseases that eventually lead to kidney malfunction or failure.
Reproductive: Drug and alcohol abuse can decrease libido and most often cause infertility. Women who are desperate to procure drugs sometimes become prostitutes, making them susceptible to different sexually transmitted diseases.
Respiratory: Drugs can cause breathing to slow, block air from entering the lungs, and worsen people already suffering from respiratory diseases. It can also lead to bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma, and similar respiratory illnesses.
Skeletal:Drug and alcohol abuse can cause osteomyelitis, tooth decay, spinal conditions, and different forms of arthritis, leading to increased bone fragility and susceptibility to fracture.
( Ecstasy effect can vary. Ecstasy’s effects on the body may start to be felt within 20 minutes to 1 hour. Some effects may last for approximately 6 hours.)
If you or a loved one suffers from drug or alcohol abuse, don’t hesitate to reach out for help. Visit American Addiction Centers for a complete list of hotlines in the USA.
More than 67,300 Americans died from a drug-involved overdose in 2018, including illicit drugs and prescription opioids. What’s alarming is the increasing spike in drug overdose during the pandemic, which jumped from18 percent in March, 29 percent in April, and 42 percent in May. These figures only show one thing – drugs can kill – both prescribed and illegal.
How Can Drugs Kill?
Drugs can kill in two ways: overdosing and combining drugs. And these can happen whether the drug you’re taking is prescribed, bought over-the-counter, or illegal.
An overdose occurs when a person takes too much of a particular drug. It can be intentional or accidental.
An intentional overdose happens when a person consciously decides to end his life, as in suicides. Marilyn Monroe, Margaux Hemingway, Prince, Whitney Houston are some examples.
On the other hand, accidental overdose happens when a child or a mentally disabled adult unknowingly takes medications that are not meant for the—case in point – a child who mistakes a prescribed medication for candies.
It can also occur to new drug users who are not yet aware of a particular drug’s effects on their bodies. Upon initial intake of a small dose of a drug, some newbie users may not yet feel its full effects, so they take more. Unfortunately, this can lead to overdose.
Accidental overdose can also happen when a person with a pre-existing medical condition takes a new drug for the first time. Amphetamines, for example, can kill a person with heart disease. This is because amps increase heart rate, blood pressure and block arteries.
People who have no intention to kill themselves can also accidentally overdose, such as Mr. D’s case.
Mr. D, a 48-year-old employee, has been suffering from narcolepsy for over three years. Because his condition was already affecting his daily life, he visited his doctor, who prescribed him with an amphetamine-based medication.
Each time he took the drug, he felt alert, strong, and energetic, which made him more productive at work. This led to a promotion.
The new position, however, proved to be more demanding. So Mr. D had to up his amphetamine intake. Each time he felt his narcolepsy would attack, he took his medication. Not long after, he became dependent on the drug.
And because his doctor refused to increase his prescription, Mr. D turned to the black market, where he could get his amps anytime he wanted, as many as he wished.
A few months later, Mr. D. was found dead in his apartment due to drug overdose.
Unknown to many, all types of drugs, when taken improperly, can compromise one’s health and safety, and worse, lead to death.
Some of the fatal drug combinations are:
Benzodiazepines and sleeping pills. This combination can lead to death due to respiratory failure.
Cocaine and ecstasy. Because both drugs are stimulants, this combo can increase the heart rate fast and eventually lead to death.
Cocaine and opiates. This is a powerful combination that has proven to kill many celebrities. Death can occur due to strokes, seizures, and heart attacks.
Anti-depressants and ecstasy. This combination can kill in minutes because the anti-depressant slows down the ecstasy; the individual increases his latter dose.
This is why anybody who takes drugs, whether prescribed or illegal, should keep the following in mind:
What are you taking the drug for?
What are the effects on your body?
What’s your age, body weight, current health condition, and other personal details?
If you or a loved one struggles with drug abuse, we suggest calling a drug abuse hotline number. This site contains a list you can use for this purpose. It is suggested to look into all drug abuse treatment programs.
If you want to perform urine drug testing at home, in the workplace, or your drug rehab, you might want to check out Ovus Medical’s products, which are all CLIA-waived and FDA-approved.
One of the most common issues that Treatment Centers face nowadays is admitting patients due to the pandemic. Rehabs are an essential service, especially at a time when drug dependents, who miss their 12-step meetings and possibly face domestic issues, run the risk of relapse, or worse, overdose. And at a time when isolation and depression can have an impact on substance abuse. But on the business side of things, who can afford to turn new clients/patients away?
This is the same question asked by one of our customers. He needed nasal rapid virus tests but they are not yet available. Even then, results are typically released two to four day. So, as an owner of a treatment center, he is faced with a dilemma.
Admitting a patient without testing for COVID might compromise the health and safety of everyone in the rehab. Not admitting an incoming patient, on the other hand, might cost him his patient’s life as well as have a significant impact on his business.
COVID 19 Testing methods:
COVID 19 is tested using two methods: viral and antibodies test.
A viral test detects if a person is currently infected with the virus. This method is done by analyzing the sample collected from the nose and throat.
The antibodies test detects if the person has already been infected. In this method, finger prick blood samples are collected and analyzed. Ovus Medical’s Coronavirus Rapid Test Kit is an example of this test.
The Ovus Medical Covid-19 IgG/IgM Rapid Test gives results in under 15 minutes.
So how can a rehab center test drug dependents prior to admission?
Don’t lose a client: Options
Here’s what we recommend:
Check the client’s temperature
Perform the Ovus antibody test
Have client fill out a symptom checker questionnaire
Analyze the results.
If he is negative, you can admit him.
If he seems a possible candidate for COVID 19, send him directly to a free testing site in your area.
Since it can take 1-3 days to get the results, your option is to then put your new client into a self-isolating local hotel room. Yes, a hotel may not be ideal for someone who is coming for treatment. However, if you’re taking in new clients and don’t want to turn them away, you can station a counselor on the hotel premises, while they wait for their test results.
To search for COVID no-cost testing visit HHS.gov. This website can help you find a testing location near you. Just select your state and it will show a list of testing locations.
If you are the owner of a health care institution or medical distribution company certified to perform high complexity testing, check out Ovus Medical’s Coronavirus Rapid Test Kit.
One of the questions typically asked by our customers is a list of the most commonly abused drugs. They say it will help them understand what those substances are, their detection times, side effects and symptoms of overdose so employers can identify employees who use drugs before or during working hours. This information will also helpful for rehab owners so they can create treatment programs that best suits new patients.
Most Commonly Abused Drugs
Amphetamine is a stimulant that can be swallowed, smoked, or injected. It is one of the most commonly abused drugs prescribed for people suffering from ADHD or narcolepsy. Once it takes effect, a person may experience elation and self-confidence; increased libido; excessive energy; dry mouth and pupil enlargement; faster breathing and heartbeat; and decreased appetite. It can be detected in the urine from two to five days.
Symptoms of overdose may include palpitations, breathing difficulties, convulsions, heart attack, and stroke.
Barbiturates are depressants that help people relax and sleep. It is also prescribed for people suffering from seizures, experiencing anxiety or migraines.
Like any other drug, barbiturates come with side effects, the most common of which are drowsiness, breathing difficulty, vomiting, and severe headache. Barbiturates can be detected in the urine for up to six weeks.
Symptoms of overdose include incoordination, incoherence, and drowsiness.
Benzodiazepines is one of the most commonly abused drugs that are typically prescribed to help people with anxiety, panic attacks, and sleep disorders and used to sedate people prior to surgery. Common symptoms are dizziness, trembling, drowsiness, depression, impaired vision and coordination. In urine, it can be detected from three to seven days.
Buprenorphine is an FDA-approved prescription drug used for the treatment of opiod addiction and for pain relief. Used as prescribed, Buprenorphine does not pose health issues. However, prolonged and increased use of this medication can lead to dependence.
The common side effects of Buprenorphine are dizziness, headache, constipation, skin rashes, and drowsiness. It can be detected in the urine for up to six days.
Cocaine is a highly addictive stimulant that comes from the coca plant. Side effects include mood problems, headaches, convulsions, runny nose, heart disease, among others. It can be detected in the urine for up to three days.
In a urine test, ecstasy can be detectable for up to four days after use. This illegal drug is known to decrease inhibition, giving that infamous euphoric feeling that young party-goers love so much. Increased body temperature, foaming at the mouth, and seizures are some of the most common symptoms of overdose. In some cases, death through heart attack occurs.
Ecstasy can be detected in urine for up to four days.
This famous drug hails from the dried flowers of Cannabis Sativa. It is a psychoactive drug that alters the perception of a person. This is one of the most commonly abused drugs that’s also used for the treatment of some incurable diseases and helps relieve chronic pain. It can be detected in urine anywhere from 13 to 90 days, depending on frequency of use.
Prolonged use of this substance can lead to decrease in IQ, memory loss, incoordination, loss of appetite, among others.
Methadone is prescribed for people suffering from opiod addiction and intense or chronic pain. However, the user must adhere to the amount prescribed to him or her, to prevent dependency. When methadone is used frequently over long periods, a person may experience an extensive withdrawal period. In the urine, this substance can be detected from two to eight days.
Side effects include mood changes, impaired vision, insomnia, weight gain, and sore tongue. Seizures, hives, eye swelling, nausea, and decreased libido are some of the symptoms that come with overdose.
Methamphetamine is an amphetamine derivative. As such, it also stimulates the brain and produces the same side effects. Because its “feel-good” effect doesn’t last that long, users tend to binge and crash. It can be detected in urine three to five days after use.
Continued use of this drug can cause marked weight loss due to decreased appetite.
For severe pain, doctors prescribe morphine, as it is known for its analgesic properties. It is important to use this drug as prescribed, to prevent dependency. Morphine use comes with side effects like vomiting, dry mouth, constipation, drowsiness, dizziness, among others. It can be detected in urine two to three days after use.
Oxycodone is a prescription drug that helps relieve pain. Oxycodone can be detected in urine for up to four days. The most common side effects of oxycodone are stomach pain, dry mouth, headache, and mood changes. It can be detected in urine for up to four days after use.
Difficulty breathing, cold, clammy skin, excessive sleepiness, and slow breathing are some of the symptoms of overdose with oxycodone.
12. Tricyclic Antidepressants
Tricyclic Antidepressants are typically prescribed for the treatment of people suffering depressive disorders. Common side effects of this drug are constipation, dry mouth, excessive sweating, and a host of others. It stays in the body for up to ten days.
People suffering from enlarged prostate, heart problems, thyroid issues, and urinary troubles should avoid using this drug as it can aggravate their condition.