3,4-MethyleneDioxyMethAmphetamine, also known as MDMA and Molly, is the world’s most popular synthetic drug of all time. This psychoactive drug makes you friendlier, euphoric, and feel empathetic towards others. That’s why MDMA became a famous party drug among young adults. It makes you feel so alive, energetic, and super friendly – feelings that many perceive as musts to enjoy the party.
What is the drug Molly?
No, “Molly” isn’t the name of MDMA’s inventor. The name came from “molecular,” which is how this drug was originally distributed – in powder or crystal form.
Today, it comes in the form of capsules and funny-looking tablets. Sometimes, it’s also available in its liquid form.
Molly is just one of MDMA’s nicknames. Users also call it ecstasy, Adam, hug drug, lover’s speed, STP, beans, disco biscuit, among others.
It’s a Schedule I substance which means it has a high chance of being abused but has no FDA-approved medical use.
Although most users typically swallow Molly, some smoke, snort, or inject this illegal drug.
How does Molly work?
Ecstasy triggers three neurotransmitters in your brain: Dopamine, Noradrenaline, and Serotonin. The first ups your energy level, the second increases your heart rate, while the third improves your mood, appetite for food, and sex.
The thing is – Molly mimics these neurotransmitters, giving you that enhanced experience most users love. It makes you feel so good and happy, and you see everyone as your friend.
Side Effects of Molly
When used as directed, MDMA can be a helpful drug. But when used for recreation or as a party drug, you must be very careful.
For one, MDMA disrupts the sleep cycle, so you’ll feel sleepless after taking it. You might feel your teeth clenching involuntarily, even when you’re wide awake. Another side effect is being too amiable and friendly, even to strangers. Now, this can lead to unsafe sex or promiscuity.
MDMA’s real danger is not in the substance itself. In fact, Dr. Alexander Shulgin, the spiritual father of psychedelics, recreated MDMA for therapeutic purposes.
It’s when someone contaminates it with other drugs like cocaine or ketamine or mixed with chemicals used for bath salts that can cause adverse effects like:
High blood pressure
Involuntary jaw clenching
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, using Molly in places where there’s long, vigorous physical activity in warm environments can lead to molly’s most acute side effects – a significant increase in body temperature or hyperthermia. This can also cause dehydration.
However, drinking plenty of water and sports drinks is not the solution in this situation. Molly causes the body to retain water, so there’s a risk of electrolyte imbalance or brain swelling.
This may be the reason why fatality reports in recent years have tended to cluster at events such as raves and electronic dance music festivals.
Is there a need to test for MDMA in the workplace?
Most companies that do drug testing in the workplace now include molly screens. This drug, as mentioned earlier, affects a person’s perception and behavior. So employers are wary that their employees’ productivity and safety might be affected by a worker who’s still experiencing a comedown because he took MDMA the night before.
Does your workplace need reliable but affordably-priced MDMA drug tests? Then check out Ovus Medical’s 10, 12, 13, and 14 drug testing cups which include MDMA. Or purchase our MDMA Testing Strips.
Kratom is a tree with the scientific name Mitragyna Speciosa. Its leaves contain compounds that have mind altering effects. Although it is not currently an illegal substance, long-term use can lead to dependence and abuse. But, can you test for Kratom? Read on.
What is Kratom?
Kratom is an evergreen tropical tree native to Thailand and other Southeast Asian countries. This coffee species is best grown in hot, too muggy habitats.
Users eat the fresh leaves and crush and brew the dried ones. One unusual method of ingesting Kratom is called toss and wash. Users take a spoon full of the powder and put it in their mouth. They then wash that down with water or juice. Fast and easy!
There are two main active components in the leaves of Kratom: mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine. These substances are responsible for Kratom’s psychoactive effects. Once they reach the brain, they influence mood and anxiety.
The physiological effects are similar to sedatives when consumed in high doses and stimulants when consumed in low amounts. Although it is not an opioid, it acts on the same brain receptors as opioids. Kratom’s effects intensify if someone takes it on an empty stomach.
Kratom street names include:
Kratom is currently legal as sold in gas stations, convenience stores, head shops, and paraphernalia shops in most US parts. People can also order Kratom over the Internet with the following names.
Brand Names of Kratom include but not limited to:
Edens Ethnos Kratom
Feng Shui Herbals
Golden Reserve Extract
Green Vein Borneo
Because it is legal and plant-based, they assume it is safe. However, it is not.The FDA is concerned that Kratom seems to have properties that predispose users to addiction, abuse, and dependence.
Why People Use Kratom
Traditionally, manual laborers, farmers, and fishers regularly used this herbal plant to relieve fatigue and manage pain. For centuries, they used Kratom in their socio-religious ceremonies as a source of spiritual transcendence to uplift their spirits.
However, modern science proved Kratom as an effective plant-based libido enhancer. It is because of its aphrodisiac properties.
Pain relief is the principal reason why people use Kratom. Its alkaloid components are responsible for the action. When ingested or consumed, kratom leaves produce complex dose-dependent stimulant and analgesic effects. Kratom’s mood-boosting properties helped users stop using other drugs, specifically opiates. Some use it to alleviate symptoms of morphine and ethanol withdrawal.
Moreover, it works as an antidepressant and a hunger suppressant.
Commonly reported benefits according to a review by Singh, et al include:
a sense of wellbeing
a warm and tingly feeling
Side Effects of Kratom
Kratom has varying effects on people based on dosage amounts. Long-term effects can be unpleasant and potentially life-threatening.
Side effects include:
sensitivity to sunburn
loss of appetite
Graveside effects include:
respiratory and cardiac arrest
Symptoms of psychosis in some users
How long does Kratom stay in the body?
Thus far, it would take 24 hours to eliminate 50% of the Kratom in the body based on various research conducted.
Usually, it would take just over five days for Kratom to leave the system. However, other factors would come into play that may affect elimination time.
Factors may include:
Food and water intake
Can you test for Kratom?
One of the biggest reasons people chose Kratom over other drugs is their belief that it will not show up on a drug test. Additionally, since Kratom is not yet a controlled substance, it is not part of the routines of standard drug testing. Hence, it does not show up. However, some Kratom alkaloids are now identified on specific drug tests using urine or blood samples.
It’s a Manic Monday! You still feel light-headed from last night’s booze party. As you drive yourself to work, you silently wish your supervisor won’t ask you to take your sunglasses off. But luck against luck, he tells you you’ll have a random drug test today the moment you enter your office.
So you get your mobile phone to search for your rights. Can you be randomly drug tested? Can you refuse? What will happen if you fail a random drug test?
Can Your Employer Random Drug Test You?
Yes, he can, if he has a well-documented drug testing policy in place. He should follow your state’s guidelines on providing notice and proper procedures for avoiding discrimination and inaccurate sampling.
Can Your Company Test You Without Warning?
Try to remember the day you applied for your job. Were you informed that passing a drug test is a requirement for employment? And that it conducts random drug tests periodically?
If yes, then the company isn’t random drug testing you without warning. From day one, you knew such a test could happen anytime to any employee.
And yes, notices for random drug tests are given the same day. There’s no need to wonder why your superior only informed you that you’d be undergoing the test today.
Can You Refuse to be Drug Tested?
Yes, you can refuse a drug test, primarily because no federal laws govern such a procedure. That is if you’re working in a non-safety sensitive job in a private company.
However, the consequences might not be in your favor. Your superior can suspend you for disobedience, or worse, fire you.
But if you’re working in the trucking, railroad, aviation, mass transportation, and similar industries, you can’t refuse. It’s because people’s safety can be at risk if you’re under the influence.
What Happens If You Fail a Random Drug Test?
Let’s assume you agreed to do the test. You don’t smell of alcohol, anyway. Plus, you’ve read somewhere that the effects of alcohol only last about three hours. So what gives?
EtG, the metabolite of alcohol, is detectable in drug tests for up to 80 hours. So you will test positive for the substance if you drank the night before.
So what happens?
When you fail a drug test, your employer can do the following:
Recommend you for EAP
Disqualify you for promotion
Recommend You for EAP
If your company has an Employee Assistance Program, then you’re in luck. It’s a free work-based program that provides private evaluation, short-term counseling, referrals, and follow-up services for employees undergoing personal or work-related issues like you. Some companies even extend assistance to the families of their employees enlisted in this program.
Disqualify You for Promotion
Yes, your employer can do so, but not if you agree to undergo a rehabilitation program. It’s because the Family and Medical Leave Act prevents employers from retaliating against workers who request FMLA leave. So if you do fail a drug test, take advantage of this leave not only to get that long-desired promotion but, more importantly, lead a new life.
Your employer can fire you if, after testing positive, you refuse to undergo the rehabilitation program. If you agree to go through the program but don’t complete it, he can also terminate you, following the authorities’ guidelines.
What happens if you fail a drug test? Your employer can recommend you for rehab, deny you for promotion, or terminate you.
Would you like to learn more about drug testing in the workplace? Visit the Ovus Medical Blog. We have a lot of information on this topic you can benefit from.
Everybody goes through personal problems at one point or another. Some people can cope with the stress that comes with these issues. However, others need assistance. This is where the Employee Assistance Program (EAP) comes in.
The Employee Assistance Program assists employees during the most turbulent times of their life. The EAP offers free programs that help employees resolve challenges such as drug or alcohol abuse, emotional problems, child care issues, anxiety, marital or family relationship concerns, elderly care, depression, or financial difficulties. These programs are typically free for employees.
In some cases, EAPs extend assistance to the family members of the employees involved.
The Pros and Cons of Employee Assistance Program Services
The Advantages of EAP Services:
Healthier, happier employees
Experts have proven that physical, emotional, and mental stressors can affect a person’s workplace performance. A critical incident that has led to depression, job and family issues due to substance abuse can wreak havoc with a person’s physical, emotional, and mental well-being.
But when an employee gets help from his employer through the EAP, he feels loved and cared for. The result? You get happier and healthier employees that can spread good vibes in the workplace!
Engaged and dedicated employees
Did you know that only a whopping 15% of employees are actively engaged? This means 85% of your employees aren’t doing what they’re paid to do. Eventually, employee disengagement can hurt your bottom line.
However, with a well-laid-out EAP that assists employees at a time when they need it most, your employees will feel your concern for them. As their way of paying back, they’ll work harder and better to show their support for you and the company’s goals.
Fights in the workplace, no matter how minor, can be stressful for business owners like you. A dent in the company’s bottom line due to unproductive, unengaged employees can also be a source of stress.
Now, an EAP might not be the perfect solution for all these, but it will help you manage your employees better. As a result, you’ll have less stress running your business.
The Disadvantages of EAP Services:
Employee Assistance Programs come with plenty of benefits. However, like everything else, they come with their own set of disadvantages. What are their cons?
More time investment
As mentioned above, you, the business owner, need to spread information about your company’s EAP as effectively as possible. Creating and putting out posters, conducting seminars and workshops, and even meeting with your managers and supervisors on how you can efficiently promote the EAP can be time and effort consuming.
A well-established EAP doesn’t come cheap. You have to hire the right EAP service provider. If you have less than 25 employees, your typical EAP cost will be $50 annually for every employee.
Additionally, you’ll have to spend to create informational materials (posters, flyers, stickers) and human resources.
Employees may be reluctant to take advantage of a company’s EAP due to insufficient information or misinformation. Some employees feel subjecting themselves to a drug test program, for example, might compromise their job. They think that they might get sacked or ridiculed by co-workers, managers, and supervisors.Thus, a need for robust information dissemination is necessary. Employers should post about the different EAP offers in cafeterias, workplaces, garages, and other areas frequented by employees.
An EAP can help you build genuine, lasting relationships with the people who are helping you run your business. But like everything else, it comes with its own set of pros and cons. Read through the list above. It might help you decide whether an EAP is right for you.
Do you want to learn more about this topic? Visit the Ovus Medical Blog. We have a wealth of information you’ll find beneficial.
Any entrepreneur considering implementing a drug-free workplace program in his business should first be aware of the drug testing laws in his state or region. Otherwise, he can be held liable and face costly court cases later on. But what are these drug testing laws? Do these laws apply from state to state? Read on and find out.
What’s the Need for Drug Testing Programs?
More and more business owners are implementing drug-free workplace programs to prevent the harmful effects of illicit drug use.
These programs could include:
Distributing information on addiction prevention.
Reducing or eliminating opportunities for drug abuse.
Providing rehabilitation services.
Drug testing programs can also help weed out unproductive people who may be abusing drugs or alcohol.
However, just writing down a drug-testing program without understanding the laws that surround it can compromise an entrepreneur and his business.
Below is a list of drug testing laws.
Drug Testing Laws for Reasonable Suspicion
The law states that employees’ drug testing is permissible if there is a “reasonable suspicion” of drug use. There has been a lot of controversy about this issue because some people believe it violates privacy laws and can create unnecessary roadblocks for those who were once addicted but now sober.
Medical Marijuana Laws
According to the Cannabis and Employment Laws, employers cannot consider medical cannabis use or positive drug test results when hiring or firing employees. However, this only applies if:
the employee isn’t bringing his medical cannabis to work;
isn’t in a safety-sensitive job where impairment might endanger others;
isn’t working in a federally-related job.
For more information on State Medical Marijuana Laws, visit this website.
Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) provides protections for people who have disabilities. It prohibits employers, government agencies, and several businesses from discriminating against people with mental and physical disabilities.
In this regard, drug testing requirements can be discriminatory when they exclude someone from employment due to their disability. Employers cannot require an employee to take a drug test before hiring them if doing so will violate either the Americans with Disability Act or other federal law such as Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Under the ADA terms:
A history of substance abuse should not affect an employer’s decision to fire, refuse to hire, or promote an employee.
On the other hand, enrolling in a drug or alcohol rehab program is not enough grounds to fire, refuse to hire, or promote an employee.
The Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (FMLA)
The Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (FMLA) is a federal law that requires employers to provide up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave annually for certain family and medical reasons. If an employer has fifty or more employees, the FMLA also entitles eligible employees up to 12 workweeks of job-protected leave in any given year. The United States Department of Labor provides information on state laws for paid sick time at http://www.dol.gov/whd/PaidSickLeave/.
Qualified employees may use their leave to deal with substance use disorders and related problems, including:
Treatment of drug or alcohol addiction
Treatment of another physical illness or incapacity related to substance use (such as kidney failure)
Caring for a close family member who is undergoing treatment for these conditions
FMLA also prohibits employers from retaliating against workers who request FMLA leave. For example, an employer cannot demote, fire, or refuse promotion to an employee simply because that employee takes 12 weeks off to treat a substance use disorder. Employers also are prohibited from taking any action against workers who request time off to care for addicted family members. For more information, visit the Department of Labor’s (DOL) FMLA guide.
Random Drug Testing Laws
There are some policies that restrict who can be tested for drugs and how often they can do so. For example, employers cannot screen employees without first providing them with written notice of their intent to conduct a random drug test. They should also specify the reasons for doing so and any consequences the employee may face if he or she refuses to submit to testing.
Additionally, state laws vary from each other; California has outlawed all random drug testing while Florida requires an employer to “have reasonable suspicion” before conducting a drug test on an employee even though refusing would result in termination depending on company policy.
Can employees challenge drug test results?
Yes. Employees can challenge drug test results if they disagree with them. If you are an employer, it is essential to remember that employees have a right to question and dispute their drug testing results, even if they had previously agreed to take the test. With this in mind, you should create a procedure for challenging tests before administering them so that your employees cannot challenge your policies.
For more information on the different drug testing laws in the workplace, visit this website.
Companies that perform random drug testing in the workplace implement it to promote health and safety in the workplace; prevent accidents and fatalities; improve productivity, and improve profitability and sustainability.
Most company owners still thinking of including random drug testing in the workplace ask this: how to implement it properly and legally? What are the do’s and don’ts when it comes to this testing process?
Do’s of Random Drug Testing in the Workplace
Do understand the drug testing laws in your state and area. Drug testing laws differ from state to state. They vary in terms of covered employees, conditions or testing methods, and requirements for employee testing. That’s why you need to familiarize yourself with the laws governing your particular state.
Do have a written drug testing policy. You might not see a need for this now, but having this policy can help you avoid costly litigation later on. This policy should include your company’s reasons for testing, the people authorized to perform the drug test, and which employees should undergo testing. It should also include the consequences employees will face if they violate the terms and conditions stated in the policy.
Do perform reasonable suspicion tests as soon as possible. Is one of your employees reeking of alcohol or looks drugged? Then conduct a reasonable suspicion test immediately. It’s because substances like alcohol leave the body eight hours after consumption. The more you wait, the more chances your suspected person can test negative.
Do drug testing when in doubt. Let’s take the employee in #3 as an example. He appears drowsy, drugged, and stares blankly at the wall. When you ask him what his problem is, he says he didn’t get enough sleep. This is where some employers make a mistake. They believe their employee’s explanation instead of following through with a drug test. When you suspect something is off, proceed with the test regardless of your employee’s explanation.
Do include “refusal to test” in your policy. Many drug testing policies do not have conditions and consequences for employees who refuse to test. Your policy should state these very clearly and effectively.
Don’ts of Random Drug Testing in the Workplace
Don’t apply DOT requirements if your business doesn’t need it. Some private business owners think that creating a random drug testing policy in the workplace based on the Department of Transportation requirements is their best option. Doing so can compromise your business. It’s because different states have different laws on drug testing. What may be legal and just in one state might be illegal and unjust in another.
Don’t practice double standards. Treat your employees fairly, especially when it concerns random drug testing. Don’t drug test one employee because he is of a different race or color. Otherwise, you might end up in court due to a racial discrimination claim.
Don’t fail to train your supervisors. Don’t assume that your supervisors have already read and understood your company’s drug testing policy. More often than not, these professionals haven’t even opened it yet. How will they know which employees should undergo random drug testing if they don’t know the signs to look for?
Don’t perform random drug testing in the workplace without first informing your employees. This is a huge mistake that may lead to a court case. You must inform the persons who need to take a drug test on the same day. If you don’t, your employee can sue you.
Don’t forget to make everything private. If an employee tests positive, share the results with him as discreetly as possible. The least an employee would want is to have his condition divulged in front of his co-workers.
These are the do’s and don’ts of random drug testing in the workplace. We hope you can use them when creating your company’s drug testing policy.
If you need more information on this topic, visit the Ovus Medical Blog.
An Employee Assistance Program (EAP) is a work-based program that provides free and private evaluation, short-term counseling, referrals, and follow-up services for employees undergoing personal or work-related issues.
However, an EAP is not only limited to assisting employees suffering from SUD. It can include assistance for mental health issues, family problems, workplace troubles, and so on. Depending on the plan, it can also cover qualified family members.
Will this program benefit you and your employees? How? Read on and find out.
What is an EAP? How Beneficial is it to Employers and Employees?
Not all employers provide an Employee Assistance Program. Some overlook it or deliberately ignore it due to the additional time, money, and effort it entails. Employers who offer EAPs provide it to their employees at no extra charge. Plus, they assure confidential access to workplace drug testing programs and counseling.
How beneficial is it to your employee?
All people make mistakes and succumb to stress. But different people deal with these things differently.
To some, airing out their problems to family and friends is enough. However, some people take drugs or alcohol to help them cope with pressure and frustrations. And studies show that stress can increase vulnerability to addiction.
This is why some employees refuse drug testing. What if the test detects his recent use of a drug or alcohol? Will his boss terminate him?
Studies show that people suffering from SUD can affect productivity in the workplace. They are frequently absent. If they are at work, they might look dazed, so his co-workers might find it challenging to communicate with him. Worse, he might come to work after taking amphetamines, which can make him tense and irritable.
Such scenarios in the workplace can affect the productivity of employees.
Some employees refuse drug testing because they’re worried about getting positive results. They’re afraid to get sacked. On the other hand, employees who need to take prescription drugs would rather keep their illness to themselves.
Knowing that his company will help him rehabilitate instead of being terminated can give him the feeling of being cared for, assure him of work stability, and, consequently, less financial woes.
How the EAP Benefits Employers
Increased bottom line
An employee who feels cared for becomes more productive. Love begets love. He’ll do his best to pay you back for your concern and kindness. You can expect fewer absences, better, more harmonious relationships in the workplace, and an overall camaraderie that makes work more fun and exciting.
And we all know that happy employees are productive employees! The more productive they are, the better is it for your company’s morale and profitability.
Lower Employee Turnover
With all the benefits the EAP can offer to your employees, who would want to leave? They’ll stay for as long as you need them, thus minimizing the need to replace and train new employees. They’ll even talk positively of you to their friends and relatives and refer you to them. Consequently, you’ll have a roster of applicants to choose from if and when the need arises.
What is an EAP?
An Employee Assistance Program involves additional expense to employers. But the enhanced employee performance, lower employee turnover, and increased bottom-line can more than makeup for the cost. You’ll have a company culture that your employees will love.
Want to learn more about this topic? Visit the Ovid Medical Blog. We have a lot of information you will find beneficial.
Still on the fence on how to establish an effective drug testing program for your business?
Many business owners wonder how to create a drug testing program to maximize their employees’ productivity and safety in the workplace while minimizing absenteeism, errors, and insurance premiums.
What do you need to create such a program? How can you make a drug testing program that won’t turn out to be a long-term nightmare due to employee complaints and legal issues?
Below are a few tips to help you out.
Drug Testing Program: 6 Tips for Creating it Effectively
1. Know why your company needs it
Is your company offering transportation services? Then, you’re in a safety-sensitive industry. The Department of Transportation requires you to have a stricter drug testing program in place. It’s because people’s lives and properties are at stake. One bus driver who uses an illicit substance a few hours before his shift can endanger himself and his passengers.
It’s the same with construction businesses. You should have a drug-free workplace all the time. Imagine if two of your employees are high on illicit drugs. Say, amphetamines. These drugs are known to cause mood swings and heighten alertness.
What if the two employees disagree? And since they’re on a construction site, where they can quickly grab sharp tools, fatal consequences might occur.
2. Method to use
There are different types of drug tests: urine, hair, saliva, blood, and sweat. Which will you use?
If you don’t have enough space to build additional restrooms for drug testing, you can opt for saliva drug tests. You can test your employees in your office. They’re simple to use and affordable too.
3. When to perform drug testing
Up to now, drug testing in the workplace is still a sensitive issue. Antis believe that it’s against human rights. Proponents say that it can ensure health and safety in the workplace.
Either way, you need to inform job applicants that your workplace does drug testing. And yes, your employees need to know, too, if you decide to create a drug testing program.
So when should you drug test?
Random drug testing
Post-accident or reasonable suspicion
4. Spread Awareness
Your employees might know that your company does drug testing before you hired them. But do they know when you do drug testing when you’ve already hired them?
Make them aware. Put “This is a drug-free workplace” posters in the dining area, lounge room, parking area, and even in restrooms.
Inform those who need to undergo random drug testing as soon as you can.
This way, your employees know that you are bent on keeping your workplace safe and healthy for everyone.
5. Educate your supervisors
Your top-level employees must be aware of the physical, behavioral, and psychological signs of substance abuse.
They must be quick to note employees that show:
sudden mood swings
changes in behavior
withdrawal from others
acting dazed with no reason
6. Consult a lawyer
A drug testing policy is a complex document. You and your organization can be liable for every statement written there. Drug testing laws vary from state to state. Additionally, those laws get updated. Most of the time. Updates and other relevant information are first shared within lawyers associations. This is why when creating a drug testing program, it would be best to consult a lawyer.
Your company’s drug testing program should be well-written. It should comply with the standards set in your industry. At the same time, it should also consider your employees’ welfare.
Do you need affordable but top quality drug testing cups, strips, or swabs? Visit the Ovus Medical Store. We have a wide array of drug testing supplies you can choose from.
Some industries require people employed or applying to safety-sensitive jobs to undergo random drug testing. These industries include trucking, railroad, aviation, mass transportation, and similar organizations. But what if you’re not working in any of these industries? Can you refuse a random drug test at work? Read on and find out.
Can You Refuse a Random Drug Test at Work?
In a nutshell, yes, you can refuse a random drug test. It is within your rights to do so, especially if you’re not working in a safety-sensitive industry. Although some states allow it, there are currently no federal laws on drug testing in the workplace.
Twenty-two states and Washington D.C. (See Map below) have mandatory state drug testing rules applicable to the private, non-regulated workplace. (Here’s a complete list of the states with drug testing laws, employees covered, and the conditions/methods.)
However, refusing a random drug test can lead to unfavorable consequences in states with drug testing laws. Your employer can suspend you, terminate you, or have your license removed. In some cases, they can refer you for treatment and rehabilitation. Additionally, this can compromise your unemployment benefits.
Why do people refuse a random drug test at work?
The employer did not inform them about it.
If the employer has selected a particular group of people for random drug testing but does not have a well-written drug testing policy, the employees can refuse the test. And even if they’re aware but did not agree to it, the employer cannot take any legal action against them.
2. They are taking prescription drugs.
And people taking these medications may have several personal reasons why they refuse to comply. It could be that they’d rather keep their illness or disorder to themselves for fear of losing their job or being judged.
For example, an employee prescribed amphetamines to treat his ADHD might not want to be stigmatized by their coworkers. He might resent people if they call him Adderal Nighter or Hyper. That’s why he doesn’t want to be exposed.
Or a company driver who’s taking marijuana for severe pain from a previous surgery might refuse to do a random drug test because he might get sacked.
3. They are suffering from a medical condition.
It might sound queer to others, but some people are having issues peeing when someone’s watching. This condition is known as shy bladder, and it’s psychological. People suffering from it aren’t making excuses when they say they can’t produce urine for drug testing.
On the other hand, people suffering from anxiety experience dry mouth. For these individuals, producing saliva can be challenging, especially when they need to do it under supervision.
People suffering from this are afraid of coming into contact with saliva, even their oral fluid.
4. They’re afraid their samples might get tampered with.
Thanks to the movies for showing scenes wherein the antagonist exchanges the protagonist’s urine or saliva sample with someone else’s! Now, some people refuse to take a drug test. What if somebody replaces his clean urine or saliva with diluted or fake urine?
These are just some instances when people might refuse a random drug test. However, this does not mean they can decline outright, especially if a company has a drug testing policy in place. Otherwise, their job and unemployment benefits can be at stake.
Want to learn more about drug testing in the workplace? Visit Ovus Medical Blog. We have a load of information you’ll find beneficial.
Why should your organization have a random drug testing policy? Will it benefit you, the employer? How about your employees – how will it be of use to them?
Benefits of Random Drug Testing Policy
Random drug testing is performing drug testing on randomly selected members of a workplace. Appointed personnel or third-party evaluator chooses employees using either an Excel Sheet or an online app.
How can it positively impact you, the employer?
Benefits of a random drug testing policy to employers
1. Increased productivity in the workplace
Productivity. It’s one of the keys to a successful business. Unfortunately, workplace productivity is compromised when an employee or several employees use drugs.
Unfortunately, more than 70 percent of those abusing illicit drugs in America are employed, as are most binge drinkers.
Picture this. You have ten employees in your retail store. A couple or more of them are using drugs or alcohol. Imagine the impact on your company’s bottom line if they do their jobs half-dazed?
Tasks might get half-done. Inventories might have erroneous entries. Worse, your brand’s reputation might suffer from drugged, aggressive employees. Imagine a drugged repairman with bloodshot eyes and blurred speech showing up on a customer’s house? What would the customer think?
A random drug testing policy can help prevent such a scenario from happening. Thus, your brand’s reputation need not suffer.
2. Attract and retain the best talent
All employees want to work in a healthy and safe environment – one that’s conducive for working. But how can an employee feel safe if his next-table coworker always isolates himself, looks unkempt, and drugged most of the time? Then he catches that coworker glaring at him when he’s not looking?
With an excellent random drug testing policy in place, employees like the one mentioned above will be weeded out.
3. Prevent costly litigation
Randomly drug testing employees on a whim is illegal. You must have a reasonable cause for doing so. Laws on drug free workplaces are complex. That’s why a policy written by an employment lawyer helps prevent expensive litigation later on.
What good does a random drug testing policy do to employees?
1. Boosts productivity
Nothing beats working in a drug free workplace. You don’t have to walk on eggshells to prevent triggering a drugged worker who’s known for his aggressiveness.
Plus, happy and safe coworkers create positive vibes. The environment gets electrifying, filling each office space with positivity, allowing everyone to get things done.
2. Help employees stay healthy
Drug testing has been found to deter drug and alcohol use inside and outside the workplace.
Employees tend to forgo binge drinking or recreational drug use when they’re aware their employer conducts random drug testing anytime.
We all know how drug and alcohol abuse affects the human body. The side effects and withdrawal symptoms can wreak havoc with a person’s health and well being.
Additionally, identified substance abusers can be referred to treatment facilities where they can change for the better.
With a policy in place, you, the employer, won’t only be protecting the workplace. You’ll also be promoting everyone’s health and well being.
3. Leads to a better quality of life
Without drugs in their system, employees can be more healthy and productive. They’ll only take leaves if and when necessary. This will allow them to earn more – and maybe set themselves up for promotion.
When that happens, they’ll have bigger salaries, better perks, and overall improved quality of life.
Having a random drug testing policy, in the end, can benefit both employer and employee. It can help boost productivity in the workplace, promote everyone’s health and safety, leading to a better quality of life.
How would you like to learn more about random drug testing in the workplace? Visit the Ovus Medical Blog, where you’ll find relevant topics that can help you out.
Are you an employer who wants to know which types of drug tests would be most beneficial to your workplace? Or are you an employee who wants to find out what type of test your chosen industry is using?
Below, we’ve outlined the different types of drug tests, when companies perform drug testing, and some examples of industries that do drug testing.
There are several instances when a company performs drug testing:
Return to duty process
Random drug testing
Annual physical test
In the case of random drug testing, employers typically inform selected employees hours in advance.
DOT drug test
The Motor Carrier Safety Administration requires Commercial Driver’s License (CDL) applicants to undergo DOT drug testing. DOT tests for marijuana, cocaine, opiates, amphetamines, and methamphetamines, and phencyclidine. The organization typically uses a 5 panel urine drug test cup for this purpose.
However, private companies that have Non-DOT programs can test for additional substances using multi panel cups.
Why do they drug test?
Drivers of all types of vehicles are in the safety-sensitive industry. One mistake, one miscalculation can lead to loss of lives and property. This is why their employers implement drug testing programs.
Teens and other youngsters are more susceptible to the side effects of illicit drug use. Time and again, we’ve heard about a teenager who overdosed on a particular drug. We’ve also seen the news about young people who accidentally endanger others when they were under the influence.
That’s why schools do random and under suspicion drug testing. To identify students who use drugs and help them find a treatment program that would change their lives for the better.
As with the DOT, most schools that have drug testing programs use the 5 panel urine drug test cup for preliminary testing.
In the construction industry, substance abuse is rampant. According to the American Addiction Centers, around 15% of all construction workers in the United States have a substance abuse disorder compared to 8.6% of adults’ general population.
Drug testing is not conducted with the intent of identifying law-breakers and bringing them to justice. These tests are done to weed out potential drug abusers in a construction firm. The tests allow employers to keep from sending them to actual job sites where they could suffer physical harm. Or perhaps even cause harm to others. It could also jeopardize the quality of work.
The construction industry usually uses a 5 panel drug test cup. In some cases, they use dip cards, oral swabs, or test strips if they want to screen for single substances.
Amazon, Sears, Lowe’s, and other retail companies drug test their employees. Let’s take Lowe’s, for instance. Several job applicants and former employees claim that Lowe’s used an oral swab for drug testing onsite. Others say the company sends their applicants to a nearby laboratory to pee in a 5 panel cup.
Winn Dixie, Papa John, and a host of other food stores drug test their employees. For example, Papa John’s regularly drug tests delivery drivers at many locations, too.
As stated in their Team Member Handbook, “The Company maintains a zero tolerance for drugs or alcohol in the workplace. The company prohibits the possession, sale, use, or other transaction(s), or being under the influence of alcohol or drugs at work.”
Employee reviews found in Glassdoor and similar sites claim that most of these stores use the saliva drug test during pre employment and random drug testing.
Why do retail and food companies drug test?
It’s because their employees, from sales clerks to drivers, come in close contact with their customers. Like any other business, retail companies want to ensure their customer’s utmost satisfaction. To maintain their brand’s reputation, they want their employees to be in their best shape when communicating with customers.
Just imagine what a customer would think of a retail company with a sales clerk or driver reeking of alcohol? How about a cashier who stares blankly at the cash register while a customer pays for the products he bought?
HIPAA Notice of Privacy Practices
Take note that the HIPAA Notice of Privacy Practices does not apply to drug testing. It’s because a donor is not considered a patient. Additionally, a drug test is not considered a medical examination.
To maintain drug-free workplaces, an increasing number of business owners are implementing drug testing programs. The question is – can your employer randomly drug test you? Do employers have to tell you if they drug test?
Read on and find out.
Can your employer randomly drug test you?
The short answer is yes. Your employer can drug test you. However, he should follow your particular state’s guidelines on providing notice and proper procedures to avoid discrimination and inaccurate samples.
Can a company test you without warning?
Generally, companies with an existing drug testing program inform job applicants that it is a pre employment requirement. So no, a company cannot test you without warning.
Although drug testing is legal, employers must tell the person concerned that it is a part of the screening process. It is the right of all applicants and employees.
On the other hand, the employer will inform current employees selected for random drug testing the same day the test will be performed.
Additionally, be aware of your rights as a citizen of a particular state if your employer performs blanket drug testing. It’s because not all states allow it, even in the case of private companies.
Your employer should have a reasonable cause for doing a random drug test. For example, a misbehaving employee who also happens to be a pain to his coworkers is a candidate for drug or alcohol testing.
As its name implies, candidates for this type of drug testing are randomly chosen using a computer-based random-number generator. This way, the selection will be free of bias.
The generator rolls out a random selection of employees each quarter (or depending upon the frequency chosen by the employer). The employer then informs the candidates the very same day. The selected employees are tested immediately after that.
If your test comes out negative, you’re free to go and resume your work. However, if it turns out positive, your employer (or the testing laboratory he commissions) will send your sample to a laboratory for confirmatory testing.
Can you refuse a random drug test at work?
Yes, you can refuse a random drug test. However, refusal to do so may cost you your job. Your employer can also fire you if you dilute or substitute your urine sample.
Employers can randomly test you if they have an existing, well thought out drug testing program that follows state laws. Otherwise, they’ll be liable to the legal entities.
Want to know more about random drug testing or similar topics? Visit Ovus Medical Blog. We have a lot of information that can help you out.
An increasing number of businesses are now implementing random drug testing in their workplaces, clinics, hospitals, rehabs, among others. This only shows that more and more companies are becoming aware of the effects of substance use and abuse.
In her article for the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), Dr. Nora Volkow stated, “….increases in suspected nonfatal overdoses involving stimulants (a category that includes prescription stimulants, cocaine, and methamphetamine) in children and teens between 2016 and 2019. MTF shows decreases in the use of prescription stimulants in 10th and 12th graders but a trend toward increased use among 8th graders.”
The pandemic affected us in so many ways, especially the children, who are supposed to be enjoying school and their peers’ company. The isolation and extra time on their hands led some of them to experiment. Unfortunately, those “I’m curious, I want to try” mindset has led to nonfatal overdoses.
This is why random drug testing, even at home or in school, is essential. It can help save the lives of the ones we love.
The author based this on a report by Salyards that says, “Job applicants who tested positive were 3.47 times more likely to be referred to an EAP for drinking problems and 5.69 times more likely to be referred for drug abuse problems as those testing negative at pre employment. Furthermore, were drug-positive individuals were 3.42 times more likely than other employees to file medical claims involving an alcohol or drug-related diagnosis.”
This is why business owners want to keep their workplace drug-free. After all, safe, happy, and healthy employees boost a company’s bottom line.
DOT drug testing
To obtain a commercial driver’s license, all applicants need to follow alcohol and drug testing rules. This is mandated by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) and the Department of Transportation (DOT).
All current commercial drivers also undergo random drug testing occasionally to ensure their health and safety, along with those of their cargoes and passengers. They are, after all, entrusted with a safety sensitive function.
Far too many fatal accidents have happened involving drugged or intoxicated drivers. The DOT only wants to ensure safe roads for everyone.
Drug testing in hospitals
Do hospitals randomly drug test employees? Yes, they do, as with other workplaces.
They do post-accident drug testing on patients to determine if the person involved was under the influence of drugs or alcohol before the accident.
They also perform pre employment drug tests to identify people who have been using drugs or alcohol. As mentioned in the report above, people who have a history of substance abuse tend to file medical claims and referred to EAP due to alcohol and drug abuse issues.
What type of tests are used?
The DOT and most businesses prefer the urine drug test over other methods. It’s because urine detects drug metabolites longer than saliva drug tests. On the other hand, urine tests provide instant results as opposed to hair follicle tests which take weeks, even months of waiting for the results.
Random drug testing is very important in today’s world. It can be the first step towards a safe and healthy environment for everyone.
Authorities use Mobile Drug Testing (MDT) or Roadside Drug Testing to gauge if a person is Driving Under the Influence (DUI) of illicit drugs. A police officer hands the suspected driver a mouth swab for preliminary testing. He can complete the test in just a matter of minutes.
Importance of Mobile Drug Testing
When we hear DUI, our most common thought is a person driving under the influence of alcohol. However, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), “Along with marijuana, prescription drugs are also commonly linked to drugged driving crashes. In 2016, 19.7 percent of drivers who drove while under the influence tested positive for some type of opioid.”
So what are the benefits of a roadside drug test?
It can save lives.
Drunk and drugged driving typically lead to life-long and even fatal consequences, not only to the drivers and their passengers but also to the people who end up as collateral damages.
Before the advent of roadside drug testing, police officers had no way to determine if an individual is under drugs’ influence. Today, they can stop an individual if they suspect him of drugged driving. One less drugged driver on the road, after all, can save a lot of lives.
It can save properties.
Business owners use the services of truck drivers to deliver their products or services. However, some truck drivers, due to long hours on the road, take amphetamines or other stimulants to keep them awake.
Unfortunately, stimulants can cause drivers to be more aggressive, reckless, and sometimes, even fearless. This has led to accidents that damaged properties. The truck and its contents, more often than not, are ruined. Sometimes, the damages are even beyond repair.
It can deter drug use before hitting the road.
Drugged driving is punishable by law. Even refusing to take a drug test is. That’s why more and more people refrain using drugs when they know they have to drive home. Others seek the help of friends to drive them home. Why? Because they’d rather not be apprehended for drugged driving as this will cost them time and money.
What types of drug tests are used for roadside testing?
However, for its convenience, speed, and portability, most roadside officers use the saliva drug test. It doesn’t require the person involved to use a restroom. The test can be done right where he is.
It fits an officer’s pocket perfectly, so he can hand it to the suspected driver immediately. And since it only takes a few minutes to perform the test, both driver and officer can get the result in no time at all.
If the driver gets a negative result, the officer will let him go right away. However, if he gets a positive result, the officer will direct him to a drug testing facility for a confirmatory lab testing.
What drugs are tested in a mobile drug test?
A roadside drug test can detect the following substances:
THC (Delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol). THC is the chemical in marijuana that makes a user feel high. An oral fluid test can detect it for up to 24 hours.
Methamphetamine. Meth or ice is a highly addictive and powerful stimulant that impacts the central nervous system. With an oral swab, meth can be detected for up to four days.
MDMA. More popularly known as ecstasy, MDMA boosts a user’s awareness, causes mood shifts, distorts perception and sense of time, and enhances tactile experiences. It can stay in saliva for up to two days.
Mobile drug testing can help save lives and properties. It can even help deter drugged driving.
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There are various reasons why an increasing number of organizations are doing random drug testing. It can save lives and avoid injuries in the workplace. thus minimizing liabilities.
It prevents an employer from hiring a drug user prior to hiring. Additionally, it creates an unbiased drug testing system for all employees.
But what is random drug testing? Can an employer force an employee into being tested? Who should be tested, and how does the process work? Read on to find out.
What is random drug testing?
As the name implies, random drug testing is performing drug testing on randomly selected members of a workplace. The selection is done using either an Excel Sheet or an online app.
However, random testing should be compliant with federal rules and regulations. As a business owner, it is important to know that you cannot and should not do random drug tests without a solid drug testing policy in place. More importantly, all your job applicants should be aware that your organization requires periodic and random drug tests prior to employment.
How about regular employees? Can you simply announce that there will be a random drug test in a few days? No.
Types of drug tests
There are five types of drug tests: saliva testing, hair testing, sweat testing, blood testing, and urine testing. Of the five, urine drug testing is the most cost-effective, convenient, and least invasive method for random drug screening. That’s why it’s the most preferred type of drug test for organizations.
On the other hand, urine drug screens come in two forms: immunoassay and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The first is for initial screening. If the drug test results come out positive, the urine sample is sent to a third-party laboratory for GC/MS.
Which types of drugs are commonly tested?
This will depend on your needs and preferences. Federal organizations test for the following drug categories:
As an employer, it might be tempting for you to drug test anyone who seems like they used drugs recently. However, be aware that some signs of being intoxicated with drugs are almost synonymous with some disease symptoms. For example, a person with diabetes might look lethargic and sleepy. It’s the same signs you see in people who use benzodiazepines.
In other words, don’t just choose to test anyone you suspect. Interview the person involved in private according to the guidelines in your drug testing policy.
Urine drug tests
If you own a private company, you can opt to test for many drugs simultaneously. For example, you have the option to screen for fourteen different drugs. In this case, you can choose a 14 panel urine drug test cup. It screens for alcohol, amphetamines, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, cocaine, HCG, methamphetamine, ecstasy, methadone, opioids, oxycodone, marijuana, and fentanyl.
Now, if you’re low on budget, you can use dip cards or drug test strips. Dip cards, like multi-panel cups, allow you to screen for several drugs all at once. Drug testing strips, on the other hand, helps you test for a single drug.
If you are a private business owner, you can implement a drug testing policy in your workplace. If you identify drug users among your employees, you can help them live better, drug-free lives by recommending them for substance abuse treatment.
There’s been an alarming increase in fentanyl overdose deaths, even before the pandemic. The cause? People who unintentionally or accidentally OD on fentanyl.
Take, for example, the case of 17-year-old Gabriel Lilienthal, who overdosed on fentanyl, thinking it was oxycodone. His is not an isolated case. Many people have already died due to counterfeit fentanyl laced with other drugs. This is why authorities issued public warnings.
What is an unintentional overdose?
An unintentional overdose can happen to a person if:
he accidentally takes a drug, as in the case of children
He accidentally takes too much of the drug
Someone gave him the wrong drug
A health professional mistakenly administered the wrong medication or too much of the drug
What are the facts surrounding a fentanyl overdose?
Fentanyl, when used as prescribed, is a helpful medication.
Surgeons use it as an anesthetic and postoperative pain reliever. They also prescribe it for people suffering from severe chronic pain to help them live everyday lives.
Fentanyl overdose is typically the result of taking illicitly-manufactured fentanyl.
This drug, when combined with heroin or cocaine, boosts the euphoric effect on the user. Unfortunately, not all users know that their fentanyl is laced with another drug, leading to fatality.
Drug dealers who want to get more money from selling cocaine or heroin “cut” these drugs with fentanyl. Why? It’s because a small amount of fentanyl produces the same high as other opioids but at a lesser cost.
Effective treatment is available.
According to the World Health Organization, effective treatment interventions for opioid dependence can decrease overdose risk. However, less than 10% of people who need such treatment are receiving it.
Naloxone can prevent death from an opioid overdose if administered in time. However, please do not do it yourself. It’ll be best to call 911 for immediate assistance.
You can identify the symptoms of a fentanyl overdose.
How would you know if someone is overdosing on fentanyl? Treat it as you would any type of overdose. Below are just some of the symptoms of a drug overdose, according to American Addiction Centers.
Severe difficulty breathing, shallow breathing, or complete cessation of breath.
Drug overdose deaths head toward record number in 2020
And illicit fentanyl is one of the drugs responsible for those deaths. The isolation brought about by the pandemic is seen as a propeller of increased drug use. Because people in recovery are all by themselves, nobody’s around to stop them from taking drugs. Additionally, the absence of social interaction with fellow recovery people exacerbates that isolation.
They claimed it was an easy tool to use and provided them with a safe means to detect fentanyl in their system. Some even distributed their take-home tests to their social networks. Moreover, it discussed the value of FTS as a harm reduction tool for identifying fentanyl contamination and informing overdose prevention behaviors.
A fentanyl overdose can be avoided. Valuable lives can be saved. All it takes is a little more vigilance, testing any drug you or a loved one is about to take, and motivating those we identify as fentanyl users to change for the better.
If you’re thinking of using drug testing supplies, you might have come across the term CLIA waived tests. Now you’re wondering what it means. Who can perform such tests? Do they need certifications or licenses for it?
CLIA Waived Tests: Things You Must Know
What does CLIA stand for?
CLIA is the acronym of Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988.
The organization regulates all US laboratory testing facilities that use human specimens for these purposes:
Diagnosis, prevention, or treatment of diseases
A CLIA waived test has passed the criteria set by the organization, such as:
Employ methodologies that are so simple and accurate as to render the likelihood of erroneous results negligible.
Use unprocessed specimens (whole blood or oral fluid)
If someone incorrectly performs the test, it should not pose a reasonable risk of harm to the patient.
Are cleared by the FDA for home use.
What does it mean if a test is CLIA waived?
If a test is waived by CLIA and cleared by the FDA, it is safe even for home use. However, users must carefully follow the manufacturer’s instructions for its intended use.
Why do these tests always come with a 99% accuracy?
Are you wondering why waived tests are not 100% accurate? What’s the reason behind this?
It’s because CLIA still acknowledges that although tests must be simple and have a low risk for erroneous results, they are not entirely error-proof.
Errors can happen anytime during the testing process.
For example, a person who uses the test on himself but does not follow the manufacturer’s instructions to a T might get erroneous results.
Another example – new personnel who are not yet familiar with the testing process might compromise the test.
Who can perform these tests?
CLIA_waived tests are considered safe for use at home, in the office, and anywhere. They do not require certifications or licenses. However, laboratories that perform tests with CLIA waived products need credentials. Laboratory owners need to update their certification periodically. They need to comply with CLIA requirements for waived testing.
Examples of CLIA Waived Tests
There are many types of CLIA waived tests. A urine pregnancy test, for example, is one such type. It’s a popular test that women use to check if they’re expecting.
Here’s a complete list of tests waived by CLIA if you want to find out more.
Why It Concerns You
Knowing everything you can on this topic enables you to perform testing the best way possible.
You’ll be able to choose the right products and learn how to use each, minimizing errors in the process.
Remember – in most workplaces with drug testing programs – a false positive or an erroneous result can rid a person of a job.
In the clinical setting, a wrong result can compromise a patient’s health and well-being. Just imagine if a doctor prescribes more naltrexone to a patient who doesn’t use opioids anymore but got a false positive for it?
At home, picture how a teenager feels if he’s grounded because he tested positive for marijuana. If you were that teen, how would you react?
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One of our newsletter subscribers asked what a metabolites drug test is. Instead of responding to his email, we decided to write an article about it to benefit everyone.
What are Metabolites?
According to the National Cancer Institute, a metabolite is a substance made or used when the body breaks down food, drugs or chemicals, or its own tissue.
Here’s an example. When you eat a slice of cake (which has a lot of sugar), your body metabolizes the sugar into glucose.
And that glucose is what glucometers or blood sugar devices detect. In other words, glucose is the metabolite of sugar.
Similarly, drug testing devices detect drug metabolites. So if a person smoked weed recently, a metabolites drug test detects the tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in his urine, blood, or hair.
What Are the Different Metabolites in Drugs?
Various drugs have different metabolites. In some cases, they are inactive or maybe similar to or different from the original drug in therapeutic activity or toxicity.
Below is a list of the most common drugs of abuse, their metabolites, and the type of drug test or tests that can detect them.
Barbiturates are prescription drugs that help relieve pain, insomnia, and seizures.
There are several types of barbiturates, but most of them have 3-Hydroxy-amobarbital metabolites. These drugs are Amobarbital, Pentobarbital, and Secobarbital.
On the other hand, Phenobarbital’s metabolite is p-Hydroxy-phenobarbital.
You can use dip cards, drug test cups, or barbiturates test strip to screen for barbiturates.
Benzos are drugs prescribed for the treatment of anxiety, panic disorders, insomnia, and PMS.
The metabolites of Alprazolam and Triazolam are 4-Hydroxy-alprazolam and α-hydroxy-alprazolam. On the other hand, 7-Aminoclonazepam is Clonazepam’s metabolite.
You can use a drug test cup, dip card, oral swab, or a BZO test strip to test the presence of benzo in the urine.
Cocaine is a potent stimulant. It comes from the infamous coca leaves. When taken, cocaine metabolizes into Benzoylecgonine, Ecgonine Methyl ester, and Nor-cocaine.
Drug test cups, dip cards, oral swabs, or a cocaine test strip are your best bets for screening this drug.
Opiates are Central Nervous System Depressants. Although they are prescribed for pain relief and other medical conditions, they have a high potential for abuse.
Opiate metabolites depend on the drug used. Heroin’s metabolites, for example, are 6-Monoacetylmorphine and morphine. On the other hand, the metabolites of Codeine are morphine and morphine-3-glucuronide.
You can use drug test cups, oral swabs, or dip cards for detecting this drug.
Methamphetamine is a powerful stimulant. When someone takes it, meth metabolizes to amphetamine. .However, both can be present in urine after methamphetamine use.
You can screen for MET with multi-panel drug test cups, dip cards, oral swab, or a MET test strip.
Morphine is a prescription medication for severe or post-operatic pain. However, because of the “high” it provides, some people tend to abuse it.
A metabolites drug test can detect the presence of Morphine-3-glucuronide, the byproduct of morphine.
Oxycodone is an opioid analgesic. Oxymorphone is its metabolite.
You can use a metabolites drug test like a urine drug test cup, dip card, or oral swab to detect Oxymorphone’s presence in urine.
Marijuana is famous for its medicinal properties. It is even considered legal in some states. However, it is also a popular recreational drug due to its mind-altering properties.
11-Nor-9-carboxy-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC-COOH) are the metabolites of weed. You can use different metabolites drug test to detect it in the urine.
These are some of the most common drugs of abuse, their metabolites, and the type of drug test or tests that can detect them.
Do you need more information on drug metabolites? Visit the Ovus Medical Blog. We have a lot of articles that can help you out.
According to the article, the notorious pain reliever OxyContin maker finally admitted to a considerable role in the addiction epidemic, which has claimed thousands of lives through oxycodone-related fatalities. Purdue Pharma is currently dismantling. It will use its assets to create a government-controlled company.
2. Media companies are creating documentaries.
Netflix has several series about drugs. What particularly caught our attention was the Opioids episode on the documentary series, The Business of Drugs.
Here, journalist Amaryllis Fox explores how OxyContin and other drugs gave rise to the opioid crisis. Did you know that OxyContin was created to relieve the pain of terminally ill cancer patients?
However, Purdue Pharma led its med reps to believe they are helping people who have been suffering from chronic pain to live normal lives. This is, despite knowing that OxyContine is highly addictive.
Did you know a new Controlled Substance app offers insight into patients’ opioid history prescription history? It gets data from a patient’s Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (PDMP data). Additionally, the app tracks use in the hospital and show alerts at peak thresholds of administration.
Are you aware that there’s already a drug-free wearable device that uses a thread-like wire and wearable stimulator to alleviate pain?
Additionally, there’s a digital pill (still under study) that will help monitor patients’ opioid adherence data. This way, the chances of opioid overdose among chronic pain patients will be minimized, if not eliminated.
4. Government organizations are working overtime.
Whether it’s spreading awareness or encouraging users to turn a new leaf, the government exerts effort.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides state information to stop the opioid crisis. It recently published the Promising State Strategies.
This aims to equip and inform states on how to help prevent high-risk prescribing and improve opioid use disorder treatment.
Drugfree.org, on the other hand, published their “Action Plan in the Face of the Opioid Epidemic.” It gives tips on how we can help fight the crisis.
What We Can Do
No matter how much the authorities try to end the opioid epidemic, we need to take action.
How can we help?
Know the signs. Loss of Control. Craving. Use despite negative Consequences. These three factors will help you recognize if a friend or loved one is abusing opioids.
Be in the know. Get as much information on the opioid crisis. How did it start? How many have been affected? What steps should you do to help fight this menace?
Share resources. And once you get all the information you need, share it with a friend or loved one you suspect is abusing opioids. You just might save a life.
Offer support. Reach out to people you believe or are known to abuse opioids. Let them know that there are plenty of available resources and support groups that can help them change for the better.
Do drug testing. If you suspect a loved one is using opioids, nip it right in the bud. Do drug testing at home. If the test turns out positive, proceed to tip number 6 below.
Convince an opioid user to get treatment. It won’t be easy. You might encounter defiance or hatred from the person involved. But do what you have to do.
We all can take part in helping fight the opioid crisis. It’ll be a rough road, but we can get there if we take action now.
Do you want to learn more about drug addiction? Visit Ovus Medical Blog. We have plenty of resources you will find beneficial.
If it’s your first time to do a urine drug screen, you’d naturally want to know how to read a drug test cup. No, it doesn’t take rocket science to interpret the results of a urine drug test. It’s fairly easy to do. You can actually do it yourself.
Urine drug test cups come in single and multi-panel. A single cup detects a specific drug. A multi-panel, on the other hand, checks for several drugs at the same time.
We’ll use Ovus Medical’s 12 Panel Drug Test Cup with Adulterants as an example for this blog post.
Things to consider before reading drug test results
Put the drug test cup out of the storage area. Bring it to room temperature.
Next, inspect the drug test cup. It should be leak-proof and tamper-proof.
Third, ensure the donor doesn’t have unnecessary items in his clothing. There have been urine-tampering cases because the donors could substitute the sample with someone else’s.
Finally, make sure you’ve collected enough urine. It should be 30 ml to 90 ml. Anything below this amount might yield invalid results.
How to read a drug test cup
Here are the next steps once the donor returns the cup to you.
First of all, start your timer. This test is a rapid immunoassay. So, you should read the results after five minutes. Conversely, do not interpret the result after 10 minutes because it will not be valid anymore.
Then, check the green color on the temperature strip. It should be somewhere between the ranges of 90-100 degrees Fahrenheit. If the temperature is out of that range, there’s a possibility of tampering. Proceed to the next step if the sample passes the temperature check.
Next, peel off the label. You will see the results window.
Check the adulteration strips for the following:
Specific gravity. An unadulterated urine sample should have a specific gravity within the range of 1.003 to 1.040.
pH. On the other hand, the accepted range of testing is a pH between 4.5 and 8.0. Anything above or below this range suggests adulteration.
Creatinine. A creatinine concentration of <20 mg/dL means the urine specimen is dilute. On the other hand, a <2.9 mg/dL indicates an abnormally dilute urine. If you’re satisfied with the adulterants’ results, you can now proceed to the next step.
Next, check the results area. There are 11 more strips in a 12 Panel Drug Test Cup with Adulterants. These strips are showing the types of drugs tested by this cup.