The DOT covers several government agencies related to U.S. transport, like the Federal Aviation Administration, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, the United States Coast Guard, the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, the Federal Railroad Administration and the Federal Transit Administration. The Office of Drug and Alcohol Policy and Compliance is also under the DOT and is responsible for implementing the alcohol and drug testing program of the U.S. government.
Should You’re performing jobs on-the-job that are safety-sensitive According to the US Department of Transportation (DOT), such as driving a truck, working on pipelines, operating a train or Repairing a plane, then you’re subject to a DOT drug test.
It’s the tasks performed that qualify an individual as a safety-sensitive employee, not the job title. Some employees, like managers and supervisors, might not be performing said tasks but are still qualified for the same. They may want to be drug tested as well because anytime (during crises), they could be called on to perform a safety sensitive job
While the DOT does’t issue certifications to encourage suppliers doing DOT tests, all DOT tests must comply with Title 49 CFR (Code of Federal Regulations) Part 40, which stipulates the procedural requirements in the way by which workplace alcohol and drug testing is to be conducted in transportation industries under the jurisdiction of the federal government.
Employees working in sensitive places or harmful surroundings falling under DOT authority must undergo a urine drug test. Job applicants for precisely the same safety and safety-sensitive positions are also needed to undergo pre-employment drug screening.
Alcohol — DOT alcohol test can use either saliva or breath (with PAS apparatus) but confirmation tests should use EBT devices.
Following is a list of several tasks that perform safety-sensitive functions:
Passengers of vehicles that carry 16 or more passengers
Hours of Service Act employees
Federal Transit Association Drug Testing
Crew members working a commercial vessel
Earth security personnel
Air traffic controllers contracted from the U.S. military
Engine and train employees
Aircraft maintenance employees
Testing centers which wish to take part in a DOT drug and alcohol testing program has to be qualified from the National Laboratory Certification Program conducted by the Department of Health and Human Services.
Emergency response personnel