Federal Drug Testing

government photoFor many civil service jobs, workers are requested to submit urine or hair samples. Each half-inch of hair supplies 30 days of drug use history, and testing labs normally collect a 1.5-inch sample. Because drugs leave the blood within 24 to 48 hours, a blood test for drugs are appropriate only if the employer had signs of very recent drug use.

Civil service companies can test employees for any material declared a Schedule I or Schedule II drugs from the federal Drug Enforcement Agency. Testing labs call the simple test a five-panel drug screen. The number represents the number of illegal substances can be identified. For civil service jobs, a 10-panel drug screen is a definite possibility, particularly for work that’s dangerous in nature or that could result in serious harm, death or injury if the task is done by someone under the influence of medication. Some companies test for smoking, which can be found in tobacco products, but this hasn’t been common among civil service companies.

Many governments agencies need pre-employment drug testing for civil service jobs, such as road building and maintenance, law enforcement and social services. Applicants can’t carry out any work duties until the employer receives confirmation that the person passed a drug screen. A civil service job candidate who fails to take a drug test, or neglects , is ineligible for a government job, and might not be permitted to retest later.

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Federal, local and state authorities do not require private companies to conduct employee drug tests, but they do establish drug testing programs, policies and regulations to their civil service jobs. Understanding the sort of drug tests administered can help you secure and maintain a civil service job.

Some civil service companies, such as the U.S. Department of Defense and school districts, use random or periodic drug testing. With random testing, all employees have an equal likelihood of being selected. The employer puts identifying information for each the workers to a pool, and a random draw of names determines which workers must take drug tests. The testing programs are intended to make certain that each employee is very likely to be chosen at some point. Drug screening legislation pertaining to civil service workers vary by state. Where random testing isn’t permitted, civil service jobs may still need periodic drug testing. Employers must disclose these evaluations beforehand and tell employees once the tests will happen.

Civil service companies may require an employee to take a mandatory drug test if reasonable suspicion exists that the person is under the influence of drugs at work. Normally, the documentation includes information regarding questionable behavior observed by the manager, such as marijuana odor on clothing, red eyes and impaired coordination following lunch break. Civil service workers may refuse to take a drug test, but the employer may consequently terminate the worker. In certain states, civil serve workers may appeal to a county or state officer with authority to mediate disputes between government entities and civil service workers.
Reasonable Suspicion Testing

Pre-Employment Testing
Random Testing

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