Pharmaceutical methamphetamine remains available lawfully under the brand name Desoxyn, but only infrequently prescribed to treat severe obesity, narcolepsy and ADHD. Pharmaceutical amphetamine is available by prescription under a range of brand names (most especially Adderall), whereas other amphetamine-like stimulant drugs are also widely prescribed (such as Ritalin), and are generally prescribed to treat narcolepsy, ADHD, depression and fatigue. Although ostensibly not readily available to boost productivity or wakefulness, amphetamine is usually used that way. This has created a split between people with health insurance that have the ability to get stimulants through lawful means, and people who seek out black-market stimulants and face arrest.
The effects generally last from four to eight hours or longer, depending on dose.
Contrary to a common misperception, methamphetamine isn’t “instantly addictive” for most people using it. Most people using methamphetamine don’t develop an addiction. For those people who do develop an addiction, treatment for methamphetamine dependence is similar to that for cocaine and other stimulants and just as likely to be successful.
Increased or prolonged use of methamphetamine may lead to insomnia, loss of appetite, increased blood pressure, paranoia, psychosis, aggression, disordered thinking, intense mood swings and sometimes hallucinations. Many users become physically rundown, which leaves them prone to illness. The discontinued use of methamphetamine by significant users will make withdrawal symptoms, including severe depression, lethargy, anxiety and fearfulness. Such effects are less pronounced with oral use and in reduced dosages.
Their chemical structures are similar, even though the impact of methamphetamine on the central nervous system is much more conspicuous.
In response to a ever-increasing demand for black market stimulants, their illegal production, notably that of methamphetamine, improved dramatically.
Like amphetamine, methamphetamine increases activity, reduces appetite and causes an overall sense of well-being. Amphetamine has been used for weight reduction, for athletic endurance and performance, for treating moderate depression, and to assist truckers finish their long hauls without falling asleep. Methamphetamine has been widely marketed to girls for weight loss and to treat depression.
Of those 10.3 million, just 1.3 million used methamphetamine in the previous year; and just 512,000 used it over the previous 30 days. The estimated range of semi-regular methamphetamine users in the U.S. (people who use after a month or more) equals less than 1 quarter of one percent of the population (0.2 percent).
Methamphetamine production is a fairly straightforward process, particularly when compared to many other recreational drugs. It’s often reported in the media when dwelling meth-producing labs are broken.
Amphetamine was first synthesized in 1887, and methamphetamine was found in 1919. After World War II, during which amphetamine was widely used to maintain combat duty soldiers awake, both amphetamine (Adderall, Benzedrine, Dexidrine) and methamphetamine (Methedrine, Desoxyn) became available to the general public.
Nationally, methamphetamine use isn’t on the rise, even though there are regional differences. The amount of Americans who report binge drinking in the previous month — a sign heavily related to violence, crime and family dissolution — is more than 90 times the number who reported using methamphetamine at exactly the same period.