Alcohol, marijuana, painkillers, and cocaine are among the top 10 most common addictions in the United States. Unfortunately, the sad reality is that someone with an addiction problem might abuse more than one substance.
Testing for drugs one by one can be time-consuming and confusing. Luckily, 14 panel drug tests exist to combat this issue.
What does a 14 panel drug test test for exactly? Read on to find out.
What Is a 14 Panel Drug Test?
Urine 14 panel tests can test up to 14 different drugs at a time. Treatment centers, pain clinics, and more can use this drug test to identify multiple drug uses in little time.
The real question is, what does a 14 panel drug test test for? An OVUS Medical 14 panel drug test cup will test for the following substances:
- Ethyl Glucuronide
There are other choices of 14 panel tests available that test other substances. If you don’t need to test for every substance, you can opt for a 6 panel drug test, 8 panel drug test, 10 panel drug test, etc.
How Does a Urine 14 Panel Drug Test Work?
For many professionals, a urine 14 panel test is the best drug test as it is non-invasive, convenient, and cost-effective. This testing method is quick and simple to use.
Not only that, but 14 panel test results are reliable and accurate.
Administering this test starts with collecting urine samples that reach the indicated test line. The 14 panel drug test at OVUS Medical comes with a built-in temperature strip that can authenticate the urine of the donor.
This will help the tester ensure that the urine has the proper temperature and is not synthetic from a person other than the donor.
Learning how to read a 14 panel drug test is as straightforward as administering the test. A 14 panel instant drug test only takes up to five minutes to show results.
Make sure to have a timer with you to know when the results are ready. Waiting too long to read the results could show some false positives or false negatives.
For best results, read the multi-drug test panel instructions carefully. Often, the results will display as a colored band. For the 14 panel test, several colored bands will show up.
How the results are shown differs from brand to brand which is another reason why reading the testing instructions is of ample importance.
You can purchase bulk urine drug tests to have on hand in your facility. If you buy drug tests in bulk, be sure to store them properly to avoid inconclusive results when the tests get used.
Drug Detection Window
A drug detection window is important drug test information that every professional should be aware of. Drug panels test the most drugs, but not every drug on the panel will have the same detection window.
Once a drug is ingested, it breaks down into small molecules or metabolites. Metabolites and many drugs can stay in the urine even once the parent drug is out of the body.
In a urine sample, the presence of a drug metabolite will increase the detection window. This means the test will be more reliable and accurate.
A drug detection window doesn’t only vary by drug, the time it stays in the body also depends on the dosage, sample used, and the metabolism of an individual.
Below, we will discuss the drugs tested on a 14 panel drug test cup and the detection window in urine.
Amphetamines only stay in the urine for 48 hours. If someone were to test positive for these drugs, it means they had taken them within the past two days.
Barbiturates can stay in the urine significantly longer than some of the other drugs tested in the 14 panel test. However, the detection window ranges anywhere from 1 day to 3 weeks.
The time it stays in the urine heavily depends on the type of Barbiturate and the dosage taken.
Two types of Benzodiazepines are Lorazepam and Diazepam. Each of them has a different detection window with Lorazepam staying in the urine for 3 days while Diazepam can stay in the urine for 1 month.
Opioids: Buprenorphine, Methadone, and Oxycodone
Buprenorphine, methadone, and oxycodone are all types of opioids that can be tested with a 14 panel test.
Buprenorphine lasts the longest of the three in the urine, up to 6 days. Meanwhile, methadone lasts for 3 days and oxycodone can last between 2-4 days in the urine.
Cocaine is difficult to spot on a 14 panel instant drug test unless someone is a continuous user. This is because cocaine only lasts 1 day in the urine.
Ecstasy, a drug similar to hallucinogens and stimulants, can be detected in the urine for up to 4 days. This drug also goes by the names MDMA and Molly.
Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) is a metabolite of ethyl alcohol. Those tested for this are usually screened for an alcohol disorder. EtG stays present in the urine for up to 48 hours or more if drinking is heavier.
Fentanyl is classified as a synthetic opioid used to treat severe pain when not being abused. The urine detection window for this drug is between 24-72 hours.
Marijuana (THC) can last in the urine for 1-3 days. However, there is another form of marijuana, the primary metabolite THC-COOH, that lasts 5-7 days in the urine.
Methamphetamine, more commonly known as meth, is a stimulant drug that is highly misused. Generally, meth can be detected in the urine for 1 to 4 days. However, heavy use leads meth to stay in the urine for weeks at a time.
Tramadol is another synthetic opioid just as Fentanyl is. Tramadol can be detected in the urine for 1-4 days after the last use.
What Does a 14 Panel Drug Test Test For?
So, what does a 14 panel drug test test for? This test can detect up to 14 different drugs in the urine at a time.
Although many tests like this test for the substances outlined in this guide, some brands may vary. The process of testing with this type of drug test is simple and reliable.